The Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or Lakas-CMD is the current ruling political party in the Philippines. It is known for being Conservative, and its ideology is very similar to that of the Republican Party of the United States and the Canadian Conservative Party.
There are no results available of the last elections for the House of Representatives, but according to the website of the House, the party holds 79 out of 235 seats. The party was at the 2004 elections a member of the Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4, Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow), the coalition that supported president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who won the 2004 presidential elections. After the elections, some legislators joined the Kabalikat ng Mamamayang Pilipino, also a K-4 partner.
The party was formed out of two parties: Ramos's Partido Lakas ng Tao (People Power Party) and the National Union of Christian Democrats (NUCD) of Raul Manglapus. As they coalesced, the party became known as Lakas ng Tao-National Union of Christian Democrats, with Lakas ng Tao usually just shortened to "Lakas" and abbreviated as Lakas-NUCD.
In 1994, it formed a coalition government with the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos) for the 1995 legislative elections. This coalition, dubbed the "Lakas-Laban Coalition", won a majority in both Houses of Congress. In the 1997 Lakas National Convention, the party nominated House Speaker Jose de Venecia, Jr. of Pangasinan after a close nominal fight with then Defense Secretary Renato de Villa as its nominee to the presidency against oppositionist Vice President Joseph Estrada in the 1998 elections. By this time, it was joined by the Union of Muslim Democrats of the Philippines (UMDP) to form Lakas ng EDSA - National Union of Christian Democrats- Union of Muslim Democrats of the Philippines (Lakas-NUCD-UMDP).
Secretary de Villa eventually bolted the party and formed Partido ng Demokratikong Reporma-Lapiang Manggagawa (Democratic Reform Party) for the 1998 presidential elections. Lakas also nominated then-Senator Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo of Pampanga as its candidate as Vice-President. De Venecia lost to Vice-President Estrada by a wide majority, while Arroyo took the vice presidency in the same manner while Kampi is in hiatus.
In the 2004 elections, the name changed again to the current Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, or Lakas-CMD. However, the meaning of Lakas in the party name is usually now referred to as "Lakas ng EDSA" which means "The Strength of EDSA" than the original Lakas ng Tao which means "The Strength of the People." This is also the name that it used when it ran in 2004 elections under the K-4 coalition. President Arroyo, who succeeded the deposed President Joseph Estrada, was the Lakas-KAMPI Coalition candidate for president in the 2004 election, eventually winning over her opponents primarily Fernando Poe, Jr. and Senator Panfilo Lacson.
Now the 60 seat-Lakas-CMD party joined forces with 80 seat-Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI) to form the House Majority Rainbow Coalition.
|Lisandro Abadia||former Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines|
|Rolando Andaya||Representative from Camarines Sur|
|Robert Z. Barbers||former Secretary of Interior and Local Government|
|Renato L. "Compañero" Cayetano||Lawyer, former Presidential Legal Adviser, TV and radio personality|
|Roberto de Ocampo||former Secretary of Finance|
|Ricardo T. Gloria||former Secretary of Education, Culture and Sports|
|Teofisto Guingona, Jr.||former Secretary of Justice|
|Loren B. Legarda||Journalist, TV personality|
|Roberto M. Pagdanganan||Governor of Bulacan and 1998 Lakas Presidential Candidate (nomination lost to Jose de Venecia, Jr.)|
|Hernando B. Perez||Representative from Batangas|
|Santanina T. Rasul||former Senator from Sulu|
|Ramon B. Revilla, Sr.||Senator from Cavite|
On January 16, 2008, Lakas spokesman and legal counsel Raul Lambino stated that Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats officially released the list of senatorial bets for 2010--spokesman in 2010. Except for Parañaque Representative Eduardo Zialcita, they were not yet identified. But Lambino named incumbent Senators Ramon Revilla, Jr. and Lito Lapid, former senator Ralph Recto and former Congressman Prospero Pichay as among those considered.
House Speaker Prospero Nograles, Lakas-CMD president released on June 2, 2008, its tentative 2010 senatorial elections line-up: • Senator Ramon “Bong” Revilla, Jr. • Senator Manuel “Lito” Lapid • Agriculture Secretary Arthur Yap • Health Secretary Francisco Duque III • Metropolitan Manila Development Authority chairman Bayani Fernando • Quezon City Mayor Feliciano “Sonny” Belmonte • Representative Ed Zialcita, 1st District Parañaque • Representative Edcel Lagman, 1st District Albay • Representative Monico Puentevella, Bacolod City • Former senator Ralph Recto • Former representative Prospero Pichay • Representative Art Defensor, Iloilo • Former Ilocos Sur governor Luis “Chavit” Singson • Optical Media Board chairman Edu Manzano • Representative Abraham Baham Mitra, 2nd District Palawan • Former presidential chief of staff Michael Defensor