Kumyk language

Kumyk language

Kumyk (also Qumuq, Kumuk, Kumuklar or Kumyki) (Кумык) is a Turkic language, spoken by about 200,000 speakers (the Kumyks) in the Dagestan republic of Russian Federation.

Yırçı Qazaq (born 1839) is usually considered to be a founder of Kumyk literature. Kumyk was written using Arabic script until 1928, using Latin script from 1928-1938, and using Cyrillic since then.

The first regular newspapers and magazines appeared in 1917-18. Currently, the newspaper Ёлдаш (Yoldash, Companion), the successor of the Soviet-era Ленин ёлу (Lenin yolu, Lenin's Path), prints around 5,000 copies 3 times a week.

It has been strongly influenced by Azeri and Dargwa, as well as by Russian during last century.


A Latin based alphabet was used from 1927—1937).

A a B в C c Ç ç D d E e F f G g
Ƣ ƣ H h I i J j K k L l M m N n
Ŋ ŋ O o Ɵ ɵ P p Q q R r S s Ş ş
T t U u V v W w X x Y y Z z Ƶ ƶ
Ь ь

A Cyrillic based alphabet has been used since 1937.

А а Б б В в Г г Гъ гъ Гь гь Д д Е е
Ё ё Ж ж З з И и Й й К к Къ къ Л л
М м Н н Нг нг О о Оь оь П п Р р С с
Т т У у Уь уь Ф ф Х х Ц ц Ч ч Ш ш
Щ щ Ъ ъ Ы ы Ь ь Э э Ю ю Я я


  • Saodat Doniyorova and Toshtemirov Qahramonil. Parlons Koumyk. Paris: Harmattan, 2004. ISBN 2747564479.

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