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Kubitschek, Juscelino

Kubitschek, Juscelino

Kubitschek, Juscelino, 1902-76, president of Brazil (1956-61). A surgeon who served as mayor of Belohorizonte and governor of Minas Gerais, he was elected president in 1955. He launched an immense public works program, borrowing heavily to construct buildings, highways, hydroelectric projects, and the new capital city, Brasília. He offered enormous incentives to industry, and the country's productive capacity soared. The huge deficit spending, however, sparked an inflationary spiral, and the national debt reached almost $4 billion. Kubitschek was succeeded in office by Janio Quadros. In 1964, after a military takeover in Brazil, Kubitschek was deprived of his political rights and went into exile temporarily.

For the municipality in Maranhão see Presidente Juscelino, Maranhão

Presidente Juscelino is a Brazilian municipality located in the northeast of the state of Minas Gerais. Its population as of 2007 was 4,257 living in a total area of 696 km². The city belongs to the statistical mesoregion of Central Mineira and to the statistical microregion of Curvelo. It became a municipality in 1962.

Presidente Juscelino is located at an elevation of 596 meters, 40 km. west of Curvelo on highway BR-259. The distance to the state capital, Belo Horizonte, is 216 km. Neighboring municipalities are: Corinto, Curvelo and Felixlândia. The name comes from former president of Brazil Juscelino Kubitschek.

The main economic activities are services, small industries, and agriculture. The production of charcoal from eucalyptus plantations is also important. The GDP in 2005 was R$21 million, with 9 million from services, 4 million from industry, and 7 million from agriculture. There were 286 rural producers on 35,000 hectares of land. Only 34 farms had tractors (2006). Approximately 1000 persons were dependent on agriculture. The main crops were beans and corn. There were 23,000 head of cattle (2006). There were no banks (2007) and 218 automobiles (108 motorcycles), giving a ratio of 20 inhabitants per automobile.

There was 1 health clinic. Patients with more serious health conditions are transported to Curvelo. Educational needs were met by 5 primary schools, 1 middle school, and 2 pre-primary schools.

  • Municipal Human Development Index: 0.654 (2000)
  • State ranking: 733 out of 853 municipalities as of 2000
  • National ranking: 3,707 out of 5,138 municipalities as of 2000
  • Literacy rate: 77%
  • Life expectancy: 65 (average of males and females)

In 2000 the per capita income of R$97.00 was well below the state and national average of R$276.00 and R$297.00 respectively.

The highest ranking municipality in Minas Gerais in 2000 was Poços de Caldas with 0.841, while the lowest was Setubinha with 0.568. Nationally the highest was São Caetano do Sul in São Paulo with 0.919, while the lowest was Setubinha. In more recent statistics (considering 5,507 municipalities) Manari in the state of Pernambuco has the lowest rating in the country--0,467--putting it in last place.

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