|1968:||"Miserere mei, Deus"||Saint Luke Passion||Chorus|
Around the mid-1970s, while he was a professor at the Yale School of Music Penderecki's style began to change. The Violin Concerto No. 1 largely leaves behind the dense tone clusters with which he had been associated, and instead focuses on two melodic intervals: the semitone and the tritone. Some commentators went so far as to compare this new direction to Anton Bruckner. This direction continued with the Symphony No. 2, Christmas (1980), which is rather straightforward from a harmonic and melodic standpoint for a composer who had been one of the most experimental in Europe. It makes frequent use of the tune of the Christmas carol Silent Night.
In 1980, Penderecki was commissioned by Solidarity to compose a piece to accompany the unveiling of a statue at the Gdańsk shipyards to commemorate those killed at anti-government riots there in 1970. Penderecki responded with the Lacrimosa, which he later expanded into one of the best known works of his later period, the Polish Requiem (1980-84, revised 1993). Here again the harmonies are quite lush, although there are moments which evoke his earlier work in the 1960s. The tendency in recent years has been towards more conservative romanticism, however, as seen in works like the Cello Concerto No. 2 and the Credo.
Some of Penderecki's music has been adapted for film soundtracks. The Shining (1980) features six pieces of Penderecki's music: "Utrenja - Ewangelia", "Utrenja - Kanon Paschy", "The Awakening of Jacob", "De Natura Sonoris 1", "De Natura Sonoris 2", "Kanon" and "Polymorphia." The Exorcist (1973) features "Polymorphia" as well as "String Quartet" and "Kanon For Orchestra and Tape"; fragments of the "Cello Concerto" and "The Devils of Loudon" are used in the film as well. Writing about The Exorcist, the film critic for The New Republic wrote "even the music is faultless, most of it by Krzysztof Penderecki, who at last is where he belongs. David Lynch has used Penderecki's music in the soundtracks of the movies Wild at Heart (1990) and Inland Empire (2006). Penderecki's piece, "Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima," was also used during one of the final sequences in the film Children of Men.
In 2001, Penderecki was awarded with the Prince of Asturias Prize in Spain, one of the highest honours given in Spain to individuals, entities, organizations or others from around the world who make notable achievements in the sciences, arts, humanities, or public affairs. Penderecki received an honorary doctorate from the Seoul National University, Korea in 2005, as well as from the University of Münster, Germany in 2006. His notable students include Chester Biscardi and Walter Mays. Andrzej Wajda used some fragments of Penderecki's works in the latest film "Katyń".
Brahms: Violin Sonatas Nos. 1-3. Anne-Sophie Mutter, Violin, Alexis Weissenberg, Piano / Penderecki: Violin Concerto No. 2 ("Metamorphoses"); Bartok: Violin Sonata No. 2. Anne-Sophie Mutter, Violin; Lambert Orkis, Piano; London Symphony Orchestra, Krzysztof Penderecki, Conductor
Sep 01, 1998; Brahms: Violin Sonatas Nos. 1-3. AnneSophie Mutter, violin, Alexis Weissenberg, piano (EMI Classics Red Line 72093). Penderecki:...