The Kowloon Peninsula
, commonly referred to as Kowloon
, is a peninsula
that forms the southern part of the main landmass in the territory of Hong Kong
. Kowloon Bay
is located at the northeast of the peninsula.
Prior to the establishment of the actual Kowloon
boundaries, the Kowloon Peninsula served as one of the first destination for escape during China's dynastic times. In 1287
, the last emperor of the Song Dynasty
, Emperor Bing
was running away from the mongol
leader Kublai Khan
. Taking refuge in a cave in the Kowloon peninsula, the inscription wrote "Sung Wong Toi" or "Song Emperor's Pavilion". In the 1600s, after the fall of the Ming Dynasty
, many of the Emperor
's followers also found shelter in the Kowloon peninsula to hide from the Manchus
Historically speaking, the peninsula refers to the ceded territories of Kowloon in 1860 as part of the Convention of Peking, but geographically it covers the entire Kowloon south of the mountain ranges of Lion Rock, Kowloon Peak and other hills.
In 1898 a resolution was passed by the Colonial Hong Kong Legislative Council to preserve the land where some of the caves stood.