Loaita Island or Kota Island (Kota; ; Đảo Loại Ta)is the tenth largest Spratly island. It is the fifth largest Philippine-occupied Spratly island. Its area is 6.45 hectares. It is located 22 miles (35 km) southeast of Philippine-occupied Thitu Island (Pagasa Island) and 22 miles (35 km) north-northeast of Taiwan-occupied Itu Aba Island. This island is administered by the Philippines as part of Kalayaan, Palawan. Kota is a Malay word for a fort, town, or a city.
The soldiers stationed here are also the guards of nearby Lankiam Cay (Panata Island) which lies 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Kota Island. It is also occupied by the Philippines. Panata Island is too small and manning it 24 hours is a difficult task. Hence, soldiers at Kota Island guard Panata afar by regularly "watching" it from a tall structure (to increase the horizon distance). They also regularly visit Panata.
Loaita Nan and Loaita Cay, which are distinct from Kota Island, lies 5 miles (8 km) northwest and 1.5 miles (2 km) south-northeast of Kota respectively. These are unoccupied features but are largely controlled by the Philippines for their close proximity with Kota Island.