Koreans in France numbered 13,162 individuals as of 2005, making them the 17th-largest community of overseas Koreans, according to South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Korean migration to France began in 1919, when the government of France issued work permits to 35 Korean migrant labourers.
Children adopted from Korea into French families form one portion of France's Korean population. The number of North Korean refugees has also been on the rise. Koreans in France are served by five Korean-language weekend schools, the oldest and largest of which is the Paris Hangul School, established 18 August, 1974; it enrolled 170 students as of 2007. Four others, in Villeurbanne, Grenoble, Strasbourg, and Toulouse, were established between 1994 and 2000; they enrolled a further 78 students.