Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is an airport located in Dum Dum, near Kolkata, West Bengal, India. The civil airport was originally known as Dum Dum Airport before being renamed in the honour of Subhas Chandra Bose.
It has two parallel runways 01/19 L/R, of which the longer one, 01R/19L is used for takeoffs and landings, while the other one is used mostly as a taxiway.
It is located approximately from the city centre. The airport has three terminals: a domestic terminal (opened in the early 1990s), an international terminal (the oldest terminal) and a cargo terminal. The airport was given a major facelift in the recent past.
Calcutta Airport has been ranked at the 7th spot much ahead of Hyderabad International Airport
(10th spot) Chennai International Airport
(14th Spot) and New Delhi Indira Gandhi International Airport
(25th spot) in an official statistics regarding the "Top 25 fastest growing airports 2007" worldwide with a 28.2% increase in the passenger traffic, according to the World Airport Traffic 2007 report released by the Airports Council International
- 1993 -> 2,294,000
- 1994 -> 2,364,000
- 1995 -> 2,565,000
- 1996 -> 2,577,000
- 1997 -> 2,513,000
- 1998 -> 2,521,000
- 1999 -> 2,599,000
- 2000 -> 2,686,000
- 2001 -> 2,761,000
- 2002 -> 2,827,000
- 2003 -> 3,001,529
- 2004 -> 3,489,426
- 2005 -> 4,101,228
- 2006 -> 5,458,125
- 2007 -> 5,993,058
Kolkata airport has a distinguished place in the history of world aviation in general and the history of Indian aviation in particular. The following are some key milestones.
- 1924: KLM begins scheduled stops at Calcutta (Kolkata), as part of their Amsterdam to Batavia (now Jakarta) flight.
- 1924: Five United States Air Force planes touch down at Calcutta as part of the first round-the-world flight expedition by any air force in the world.
- 1929: Bengal Air Transport Company Limited starts Calcutta to Siliguri flights. This predates the more widely known "first Indian flight" by Tata Air Lines on the Karachi - Ahmedabad - Bombay (now Mumbai) flight by two years.
- 1930: Air Orient begins scheduled stops at Calcutta, as part of their Paris to Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) flight.
- 1931: Imperial Airways' experimental flight from London to Australia lands in Calcutta.
- 1933: Imperial Airways introduces regular London - Calcutta service (extended progressively to Rangoon (Yangon) and Singapore).
- 1934: China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC), a subsidiary of Pan American World Airways, begins flights on the Shanghai - Hong Kong - Chungking (now Chongqing) - Calcutta route, as a connection to the San Francisco - Shanghai Clipper route.
- 1937: Amelia Earhart arrives in Calcutta on June 17, as part of her round the world flight. Less than a month later she disappears in the Pacific Ocean.
- 1939: Deutsche Lufthansa begins scheduled stops at Calcutta, as part of their Berlin to Bangkok service.
- 1942: China National Aviation Corporation moves its headquarters to Calcutta. Calcutta remains operational hub of the airline until the end of the Second World War.
- 1947: Pan American World Airways launches round-the-world service with the slogan "New York to San Francisco via Calcutta".
- 1952: British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) introduces first jet service to India connecting London and Calcutta, using the de Havilland Comet.
- 1953: BOAC de Havilland Comet jetliner crashes after takeoff from Calcutta airport. This crash is the first of many that will lead to the discovery of the phenomenon of metal fatigue, and will usher in the demise of British jet aviation supremacy.
- 1963: Japan Airlines (JAL) connects India with Japan as part of the Silk Route service. This is the second Indian destination, after Delhi which was added in the same year.
- 1964: Indian Airlines introduces first domestic jet service in India using the Caravelle jets on the Calcutta - Delhi route.
- 1975: India's first dedicated cargo terminal opens at Dum Dum airport.
- 1981: Drukair, Bhutan's national airline established with operations/maintenance headquarters in Calcutta airport.
- 2006: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is connected to the Kolkata Suburban Railway system, becoming the first airport in India to be accessible by mass rapid transport system.
The airport is now being provided with a face-lift by the Airports Authority of India
, which is currently building a fourth terminal for the airport, due to massive increase in passenger volume during the past three to four years. The modernisation plan also include the lengthening of the runways. The airport is also linked by the suburban railway system. It is among the top ten airports in the country, handling about 350 flights a day.
The increase in air traffic has forced the government to plan a second airport for the city. The Chief Minister of West Bengal is considering using the services of specialised private firms to carry out the task.
Airlines and destinations
- Air India (Mumbai)
- Air India Express (Mumbai)
- Air India Regional (Agartala, Aizwal, Dimapur, Guwahati, Jorhat, Shillong, Silchar)
- Indian Airlines (Agartala, Ahmedabad, Aizawl, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Dibrugarh, Dimapur, Gaya, Guwahati, Imphal, Jaipur, Mumbai, Port Blair, Silchar)
- IndiGo Airlines (Agartala, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhubaneshwar, Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Imphal, Jaipur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune)
- Jet Airways (Agartala, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jorhat, Mumbai, Pune)
- Jet Lite (Bangalore, Delhi, Guwahati, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patna, Port Blair, Visakhapatnam)
- Kingfisher Airlines (Agartala, Ahmedabad, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Jaipur, Hyderabad, Indore, Mumbai, Pune, Raipur)
- Air Deccan (Aizwal, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Chennai, Dibrugarh, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Imphal, Jaipur, Jamshedpur, Jorhat, Lilabari, Patna, Port Blair, Ranchi, Silchar, Visakhapatnam)
- MDLR Airlines (Chandigarh, Delhi, Ranchi)
- SpiceJet (Bagdogra, Bangalore, Delhi, Chennai, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Port Blair)