Kojiro Station

Sanyō Main Line

The is the JR main railway line in western Japan, connecting Kobe Station and Moji Station, largely running parallel the coast of the Inland Sea, in other words the southern edge of western Honshū. The Sanyō Shinkansen line runs largely parallel to its route since 1972. The name Sanyō derived from the ancient region and highway Sanyōdō, the road on the sunny (south) side of the mountains.

The Sanyō Main Line is operated by the two JR companies, namely West Japan Railway Company and Kyūshū Railway Company. The Wadamisaki Line, a short section of line in length of 2.7 km between Hyōgo and Wadamisaki stations in Kobe is technically part of the Sanyō Main Line. Also a short section connecting to Kitakyūshū Freight Terminal is included into Sanyō Main Line.

Basic data

  • Operators, distances: 537.1 km / 333.7 mi.
  • Gauge: 1,067 mm / 3 ft. 6 in.
  • Stations:
    • Passenger stations: 118
    • Freight-only stations: 5
  • Track:
    • Quadruple-track line:
      • From Kobe to Nishi-Akashi: 22.8 km / 14.1 mi.
      • From Kaitaichi to Hiroshima: 6.4 km / 4.0 mi.
    • Double-track line:
      • From Nishi-Akashi to Kaitaichi: 275.5 km / 171.2 mi.
      • From Hiroshima to Moji: 208.0 km / 129.2 mi.
    • Single-track line:
      • From Hyōgo to Wadamisaki
  • Electric supply: Whole the line (1,500 V DC. Excluding inside Moji Station, which is 20,000 V AC.)
  • Railway signalling:
  • Maximum speed at service:
    • From Kobe to Himeji: 130 km/h
    • From Himeji to Okayama: Tilting trains 130 km/h, others 120 km/h
    • From Okayama to Shimonoseki: 120 km/h
    • From Shimonoseki to Moji: 85 km/h
    • From Hyōgo to Wasamisaki: 85 km/h
  • CTC centers:
    • From Kobe to Kamigōri: Shin-Ōsaka Operation Control Center
    • From Kamigōri to Itozaki: Okayama Transportation Control Room
    • From Itozaki to Shimonoseki: Hiroshima Operation Control Center
    • From Shimonoseki to Moji: Hakata Operation Control Center
  • CTC system:

History

The main stretch of line between Kobe Station and Shimonoseki Station was originally constructed by the private company Sanyō Railway between the 1880s and 1901. The section between Hyōgo Station (in Kobe) and Akashi Station (in Akashi, Hyōgo Prefecture) opened first in 1888. In 1889 the line was extended to the east to Kobe Station and Tatsuno Station (in Tatsuno, Hyōgo Prefecture) to the west. The Sanyō Railway was gradually extended to the west, and finally in 1901 it reached Bakan Station, the current-day Shimonoseki Station. Under the Railway Nationalization Act of 1906 it was purchased by the Japanese government and renamed Sanyō Main Line.

The Sanyō Main Line runs mainly along the Inland Sea but some parts could be shortened by tunnels. In 1934, the Gantoku Line between Iwakuni and Tokuyama (today Shunan, Yamaguchi) was opened and replaced the former line which runs through Yanai along the Inland Sea. In 1944, this new alignment was replaced again by the previous coastal alignment because the coastal line was upgraded to two tracks, as a part of constructing double tracking between Kobe and Shimonoseki.

The Sanyō Main Line was connected to Kyūshū by ferry from Shimonoseki and Shimonosekiko Station (Port Shimonoseki). In 1942, the Kanmon Tunnel under the Kanmon Straits was completed and the Sanyō Main Line was extended to Moji Station.

Except for the Wadamisaki Line, the entire line was electrified in 1964, the year the Tōkaidō Shinkansen opened between Tokyo and Osaka. Between Shin-Ōsaka Station through Osaka Station many expresses ran on the Sanyō Main Line and it serves as a means of transport running through Western Honshū and connecting to Kyūshū. The Shinkansen was extended as the Sanyō Shinkansen line. It was extended first to Okayama Station in 1972 and then to Hakata Station in 1975. In both occasions many expresses were made obsolete. Since 1972, the Sanyō Main Line is mainly used by mostly local and freight services as well as some night trains such as the Fuji service between Tokyo and Ōita.

Stations

From Kobe to Himeji (JR Kobe Line)

See the JR Kobe Line article for the list.

From Himeji to Itozaki

Ra:
SR:
SL:

  • All the trains stop at stations signed "+". Some trains stop at "*". No trains (other than local) stop at "-".
  • Rapid trains coming from Osaka/Kobe area become local trains from Akashi and westward.
  • Rapid Sun Liner becomes a local train when it's not in between Okayama and Fukuyama.
  • Rapid trains from Hiroshima City Network stop at all the stations in this section. They become local trains from Okayama and eastward.

Station name

Japanese

Total distance

Ra

SR

SL

Transfers

Location
JR West
Himeji 姫路駅 54.8 km + + JR West: Bantan Line, Kishin Line, Sanyō Main Line (JR Kobe Line), Sanyō Shinkansen
Sanyō Electric Railway: Main Line (Sanyō Himeji)
Himeji Hyōgo
Agaho 英賀保駅 59.4 km + +
Harima-​Katsuhara はりま勝原駅 62.2 km + +
Aboshi 網干駅 65.1 km + +
Tatsuno 竜野駅 71 km + + Tatsuno
Aioi 相生駅 75.5 km + + JR West: Akō Line, Sanyō Shinkansen Aioi
Une 有年駅 83.1 km + + Akō
Kamigōri 上郡駅 89.6 km + + Chizu Express: Chizu Line Kamigōri, Akō
Mitsuishi 三石駅 102.4 km Bizen Okayama
Yoshinaga 吉永駅 109.5 km
Wake 和気駅 114.8 km Wake, Wake
Kumayama 熊山駅 119.4 km Akaiwa
Mantomi 万富駅 123.5 km Okayama
Seto 瀬戸駅 128 km
Jōtō 上道駅 132.7 km
Higashi-​Okayama 東岡山駅 136.1 km JR West: Akō Line
Takashima 高島駅 138.9 km
Nishigawara 西川原駅 140.8 km
Okayama 岡山駅 143.4 km + JR West: Kibi Line, Sanyō Shinkansen, Tsuyama Line, Uno Line (Seto-Ōhashi Line)
Okayama Electric Tramway: Higashiyama Line and Seikibashi Line (both at Okayama-​Ekimae)
Nishi-Okayama (freight) 西岡山駅 145.9 km -
Kitanagase 北長瀬駅 146.8 km -
Niwase 庭瀬駅 149.9 km -
Nakashō 中庄駅 154.6 km - Kurashiki
Kurashiki 倉敷駅 159.3 km + JR West: Hakubi Line
Mizushima Seaside Railway: Mizushima Main Line (Kurashikishi)
Nishiachi 西阿知駅 163.3 km -
Shin-Kurashiki 新倉敷駅 168.6 km + JR West: Sanyō Shinkansen
Konkō 金光駅 174.9 km * Asakuchi
Kamogata 鴨方駅 178.4 km *
Satoshō 里庄駅 182.4 km * Satoshō, Asakuchi
Kasaoka 笠岡駅 187.1 km + Kasaoka
Daimon 大門駅 194.2 km - Fukuyama Hiroshima
Higashi-​Fukuyama 東福山駅 197.5 km -
Fukuyama 福山駅 201.7 km + JR West: Fukuen Line, Sanyō Shinkansen
Bingo-Akasaka 備後赤坂駅 207.5 km
Matsunaga 松永駅 212.4 km
Higashi-​Onomichi 東尾道駅 215.3 km Onomichi
Onomichi 尾道駅 221.8 km
Itozaki 糸崎駅 230.9 km Mihara

From Itozaki to Tokuyama (Hiroshima City Network)

CL:
CE: , east to Hiroshima
CW: Rapid Commuter Liner, west to Hiroshima

  • All the trains stop at stations signed "+". Some trains stop at "*". No trains (other than local) stop at "-".
  • Rapid Commuter Liner runs from suburbs to Hiroshima on morning, from Hiroshima to suburbs on evening.

Station name

Japanese

Total distance

CL

CE

CW

Transfers

Location
JR West
Itozaki 糸崎 230.9 km + + Mihara Hiroshima
Mihara 三原駅 233.3 km + + JR West: Kure Line, Sanyō Shinkansen
Hongō 本郷駅 242.8 km + +
Kōchi 河内駅 255.1 km + + Higashihiroshima
Nyūno 入野駅 259.5 km + +
Shiraichi 白市駅 263.9 km + +
Nishitakaya 西高屋駅 268.3 km + +
Saijō 西条駅 272.9 km + +
Hachihommatsu 八本松駅 278.9 km + +
Seno 瀬野駅 289.5 km + - Skyrail Service: Skyrail Midorizaka Line (Midoriguchi) Aki, Hiroshima
Nakanohigashi 中野東駅 292.4 km - -
Aki-Nakano 安芸中野駅 294.4 km - -
Kaitaichi 海田市駅 298.3 km - * JR West: Kure Line Kaita, Aki
Mukainada 向洋駅 300.6 km - - Fuchū, Aki
Tenjingawa 天神川駅 302.4 km - - Minami, Hiroshima
Hiroshima Freight Terminal 広島貨物ターミナル駅 303.1 km - -
Hiroshima 広島駅 304.7 km + + + Hiroden: Route 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, or 8; Main Line
JR West: Geibi Line, Sanyō Shinkansen
Yokogawa 横川駅 307.7 km + + Hiroden: Route 7 and 8; Yokogawa Line
JR West: Kabe Line
Nishi, Hiroshima
Nishi-Hiroshima 西広島駅 310.2 km + + Hiroden: Route 2 and 3; Main Line and Miyajima Line (Hiroden-​nishi-​hiroshima)
Shin-Inokuchi 新井口駅 314.4 km + + Hiroden: Route 2; Miyajima Line (Shōkō Center-​iriguchi)
Itsukaichi 五日市駅 316.8 km + + Hiroden: Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-​itsukaichi) Saeki, Hiroshima
Hatsukaichi 廿日市駅 320.2 km - - Hiroden: Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-​hatsukaichi) Hatsukaichi
Miyauchi-​Kushido 宮内串戸駅 321.8 km - + Hiroden: Route 2; Miyajima Line (Miyauchi)
Ajina 阿品駅 324.8 km - - Hiroden: Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-ajina)
Miyajimaguchi 宮島口駅 326.5 km + + Hiroden: Route 2; Miyajima Line (Hiroden-​miyajima-​guchi)
JR West: JR Miyajima Ferry
Maezora 前空駅 328.3 km - -
Ōnoura 大野浦駅 331.4 km - -
Kuba 玖波駅 336.4 km - - Ōtake
Ōtake 大竹駅 340.8 km + +
Waki 和木駅 342.3 km - - Waki, Kuga Yamaguchi
Iwakuni 岩国駅 346.1 km + + JR West: Gantoku Line Iwakuni
Minami-Iwakuni 南岩国駅 350.7 km + +
Fujū 藤生駅 353.4 km + *
Tsuzu 通津駅 358.6 km + *
由宇駅 361.6 km + +
Kōjiro 神代駅 366.8 km + *
Ōbatake 大畠駅 371.9 km + * Yanai
Yanaiminato 柳井港駅 376.4 km + *
Yanai 柳井駅 379.2 km + +
Tabuse 田布施駅 385.4 km + * Tabuse, Kumage
Iwata 岩田駅 390.9 km + * Hikari
Shimata 島田駅 395.9 km + *
Hikari 光駅 400.7 km + *
Kudamatsu 下松駅 406.9 km + * Kudamatsu
Kushigahama 櫛ヶ浜駅 411.5 km + * JR West: Gantoku Line Shūnan
Tokuyama 徳山駅 414.9 km + + JR West: Sanyō Shinkansen

From Tokuyama to Moji

  • Rapid trains from Hiroshima City Network stop at all the stations in this section.

Station name Japanese Total distance Transfers Location
JR West
Tokuyama 徳山 414.9 km JR West: Sanyō Shinkansen Shūnan Yamaguchi
Shinnan-yō 新南陽駅 421.9 km
Fukugawa 福川駅 425.7 km
Heta 戸田駅 425.7 km
Tonomi 富海駅 434.2 km Hōfu
Hōfu (freight) 防府貨物駅 437.2 km
Hōfu 防府駅 441.4 km
Daidō 大道駅 449.2 km
Yotsutsuji 四辻駅 454 km Yamaguchi
Shin-Yamaguchi 新山口駅 459.2 km JR West: Sanyō Shinkansen, Ube Line, Yamaguchi Line
Kagawa 嘉川駅 463.2 km
Hon-Yura 本由良駅 467.7 km
Kotō 厚東駅 478 km Ube
Ube 宇部駅 484.5 km JR West: Ube Line
Onoda 小野田駅 488 km JR West: Onoda Line Sanyōonoda
Asa 厚狭駅 494.3 km JR West: Mine Line, Sanyō Shinkansen
Habu 埴生駅 502.6 km
Ozuki 小月駅 508.8 km Shimonoseki
Chōfu 長府駅 515 km
Shin-​Shimonoseki 新下関駅 520.9 km JR West: Sanyō Shinkansen
Hatabu 幡生駅 524.6 km JR West: Sanin Main Line
Hatabu Yard 幡生操車場 525.4 km
Shimonoseki 下関駅 528.1 km
JR Kyūshū
Shimonoseki 下関 Shimonoseki Yamaguchi
Moji 門司駅 534.4 km JR Kyūshū: Kagoshima Main Line Moji, Kitakyūshū Fukuoka

Wadamisaki Line

See the Wadamisaki Line article for the list.

See also

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