Kiskőrös is a town in Bács-Kiskun, Hungary. It is located at around . Sándor Petőfi was born here.
Croats in Hungary call this town Kireš or Kereša.
Kiskõrös is the sixth biggest city in Bács-Kiskun county by population. It is located in the center of the county, 22 km east from the river Danube and 110 km south of Budapest.
Kiskõrös has a continental climate
combined with a high number of yearly sunlight. The hours of annual sunlight is over 2,000 hours.
Kiskőrös has been populated since the late Iron Age
. In the first century Transdanubia
was invaded by the Romans
and its population ran away and settled in the area. In the 1930s five Avar villages
and seven cemeteries
have been discovered. The first written documents mentioning Kiskõrös date back to 1398. By 1433 Kõrös was an independent town. The peaceful life of the town came to an end in the 16th century when the Turkish
army occupied the region. A letter was written on April 11
by Mihály Pósa warning the bishop
about the attacks of the Turks. The town lost much of its population during the occupation. The rebirth of Kiskõrös is the work of the Wattay family. For their contribution to defeat the Turks, Leopold I
gave the family the land and the surrounding areas. On May 19
farmers moved to Kiskõrös. The population has reached 5,000 by 1785. On January 1
, 1823 Sándor Petőfi
was born in Kiskõrös. The 20th century brought death and hunger to the town. Hungary lost both world wars
and Kiskõrös was occupied by the Soviet Army