The Order of the Württemberg Crown was an order of chivalry in Württemberg.
First established in 1702 as the St.-Hubertus-Jagdorden (Order of St Hubert), in 1807 it was renamed the "Ritterorden vom Goldenen Adler" (Order of the Golden Eagle) by Frederick I
, and on 23 September 1818 renewed and restructured (at the same time as the civil orders) by William I
as the "Order of the Württemberg Crown" with (initially) 3 classes (grand cross, komtur
, knight). In 1918 the order was expanded and changed
Its motto reads : Furchtlos und trew (fearless and true). Until 1913 the higher orders were restricted to the nobility. In descending order, its ranks were:
- Grand cross for sovereigns
- Grand cross
- Komtur with star (since 1889)
- Honour cross / Ehrenkreuz (Steckkreuz since 1892)
- Knight (since 1892 with golden lions, and since 1864 also with a crown, as a special honour)
- gold Verdienstmedaille
- silver Verdienstmedaille (abolished 1892)
The order's cross was a white enameled Maltese cross with gold lions in its four angles. The lions came as standard for the grand cross and Komtur, but were only on knight's crosses as a special honour. On the upper arm, a golden crown was secured by means of two gold bands, from which - except in the honour cross in stuck form - the cross hung. The medallion was gold and blue on the front, and in the middle were the golden initials of king Frederick I and a crown - on the back was a golden crown, on red. All grades could since 1866 be awarded with swords. With the changes of 1890, the swords were only granted in awards of a higher class. Since 1892 the lowest grades (1870-1886 knight 2nd class, after that honour-cross) also had the special honours of golden lion and (since 1864) lion added.
The grand-cross was a silver 8-pointed star in whose middle was a reduced cross in a medallion with a circular motto in the centre. Sovereigns received the star in gold. The Komtur (since 1889 no longer of the Komtur with star) had a 4-pointed silver star whose rays went through the cross angles.
The ribbon was carmine red with black stripes and carmine borders. Members of reigning houses received insignia of the grand-cross with a ribbon in scarlet.
Many awards were made - in the First World War
alone, the numbers were:
- Gold Verdienstmedaille: 141
- Knight cross with swords: insgesamt ca. 350
- Knight cross with swords and lions: 80
- Ehrenkreuz with swords: ca. 160
- Komtur with swords: 75
- Komtur with star and swords: 6
- Grand cross with swords: 6
As an extraordinary instance, the grand-cross "in Brillanten" was granted to Reichskanzler Otto von Bismarck in 1871.
- Jörg Nimmergut, Handbuch Deutsche Orden, Saarbrücken 1989, 315-320
- ders., Deutsche Orden und Ehrenzeichen 1800-1945, Bd. III Sachsen - Württemberg I, München 1999, 1677-1704, ISBN 3-0000-1396-2