Khorasani Turkic (تركي خراساني / Turki Khorasani), or Qizilbash Turkic , is a language variety in the Turkic language family. It is spoken in northern Khorasan in Iran. Khorasani Turkic speakers also speak Persian.
Khorasani Turkic is spoken in the Iranian provinces of North Khorasan
, near Bojnourd
, and Razavi Khorasan
, near Sabzevar
, and Mashhad
. If the Oghuz dialect of Uzbek is considered a dialect of Khorasani Turkic, its range extends into southern Uzbekistan.
Khorasani Turkic is split into North, South, and West dialects. The northern dialect is spoken in North Khorasan near Quchan; the southern in Soltanabad near Sabzevar; the western around Bojnourd.
Classification and Related Languages
Khorasani Turkic belongs to the Oghuz
group of Turkic languages
, which also includes Turkish
, Balkan Gagauz Turkish
, and Salar
, as well as the Oghuz dialect spoken in Uzbekistan. Khorasani Turkish is most closely related to Oghuz Uzbek and Turkmen and is close to the Azerbaijani dialects spoken in Iran. Even though it is linguistically between Azerbaijani and Turkmen, it is not a dialect of either.
Pluralization is marked on nouns with the suffix -lAr
, which has the two forms -lar
, depending on vowel harmony
Nouns in Khorasani Turkish take a number of case
endings that change based on vowel harmony and whether they follow a vowel
or a consonant
||After Consonants |
|| No Ending
Possession is marked with a suffix on the possessed noun.
Khorasani Turkish has six personal pronouns
. Occasionally, personal pronouns take different case endings from regular nouns
Verbs are declined for tense, aspect, mood, person, and number. The infinitive form of the verb ends in -max
ExamplesExcerpt from Tulu (1989) p. 90
|Thus, there was a padishah named Ziyad.
|Almighty God had given him no son.
|There he spoke to his vizier: "O Vizier, I have no son. What shall I do about it?"
|The vizier said: "Ruler of the whole world, what will you do with this possession?"
(1989). Chorasantürkische Materialien aus Kalāt bei Esfarāyen
. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz Verlag. ISBN 3-922968-88-0.
; Hesche, Wolfram (1993). Chorasantürkisch: Wörterlisten, Kurzgrammatiken, Indices
. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. ISBN 3-447-03320-7.