Khamsin, khamseen, chamsin or hamsin (Egyptian Arabic: خمسين khamsīn, "fifty"), also known as khamaseen (Egyptian Arabic: خماسين khamāsīn, "fifties") refers to a dry, hot and dusty local wind blowing in North Africa and Arabian Peninsula. Similar winds in the area are sirocco and simoom.
In Egypt, khamsin usually arrives in April but occasionally occur in March and May, carrying great quantities of sand and dust from the deserts, with a speed up to 140 kilometers per hour, and a rise of temperatures as much as 20° C in two hours. It is believed to blow "at intervals for about 50 days", although it rarely occurs "more than once a week and last for just a few hours at a time. An 19th-century account of khamsin in Egypt goes:
These winds, though they seldom cause the thermometer of Fahrenheit to rise above 95° in Lower Egypt, or in Upper Egypt 105°, are dreadfully oppressive, even to the natives. When the plague visits Egypt, it is generally in the spring; and the disease is most sever in the period of the khamáseen.The same account relates that Muslims in Egypt "calculate the period of khamáseen ... to commence on the day immediately following the Coptic festival of Easter Sunday, and to terminate on the Day of Pentecost (or Whitsunday); and interval of forty-nine days.
During Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign, the French soldiers had a hard time with khamsin: when the storm appeared "as a blood-stint in the distant sky", the natives went to take cover, while the French "did not react until it was too late, then choked and fainted in the blinding, suffocating walls of dust. During the North African Campaign of the World War II, "allied and German troops were several times forced to halt in mid-battle because of sandstorms caused by khamsin ... Grains of sand whirled by the wind blinded the soldiers and created electrical disturbances that rendered compasses useless.
In Israel, khamsin (חמסין) is known more formally as sharav (שרב), and the Biblical term for khamsin is ruah qadīm (רוח קדים) or "east wind". In Israel, the word khamsin carries political connotations. It was the name of a magazine published during the 1970s and 1980s by a group of Middle East exiles in Europe, including members of Matzpen. It was also the the title of a 1982 Israeli film about a clash between a Jewish landowner and his Arab workers in a small farming village in the Galilee. The film was selected by the Israeli Film Board as their nominee for the Academy Award for best foreign language film in 1983.
Mind over Matters: Your Dreams; OUR EXPERT KHAMSIN FINDS THE SECRET MESSAGES IN THE IMAGES THAT HAUNT OUR UNCONSCIOUS MINDS
Jul 04, 1999; Jealous friend DREAM I won the Lottery but a friend took my ticket and tore it up. L.P. Newport. Khamsin The hallmark of a...
Mind over Matters: Your Dreams; ONE READER DREAMS OF FIRE, ANOTHER OF FLYING. BUT WHAT'S THE HIDDEN MESSAGE? KHAMSIN DECODES THE SECRETS OF YOUR UNCONSCIOUS MIND
Feb 21, 1999; Burning issue DREAM There is a fire on the ground floor and I am in a second storey bedroom. I shut the door and place pillows...
Mind over Matters: Your Dreams; OUR EXPERT KHAMSIN UNRAVELS THE SECRET MESSAGES IN THE IMAGES THAT HAUNT OUR SUBCONSCIOUS
Jul 25, 1999; I can't walk DREAM I often dream that I am unable to walk. My legs are like lead. What does this mean? S.E. Norfolk....