(ཁམས་སྐད་ Wylie transliteration
: khams skad
) refers to the Tibetan language
dialects spoken in Eastern Tibet or Kham
(E. Tibet Autonomous Region, S. Qinghai, W. Sichuan, Yunnan). It should not be confused with the Kham language
spoken by the Kham Magars
of Western Nepal.
The ISO 639-3 code for the Kham Tibetan language is: khg.
There are three main dialect groups of Kham Tibetan:
- Central Kham spoken in the Derge (W. Sichuan & T.A.R.) and Chamdo (T.A.R.) areas.
- Southern Kham spoken in the Dechen area (Yunnan & T.A.R.)
- Northeastern Kham spoken in Nangchen and Yushu (S. Qinghai) areas.
There are several varieties of Southern Kham Tibetan because of the mountainous region causing isolation of languages for independent development
and interaction with neighboring language communities for trade.
See also: Tibetan language, Tibeto-Burman languages, Languages of China