He was born in a shepard's family. After the Armenian Genocide he moved to Yerevan and finished the Yerevan State University (1932), and then the Moscow Institute of Foreign Languages. Dashtents is an author of poem's collections ("Songbook", 1932; "Spring songs", 1934; "Fire", 1936), "Tigran The Great" historical drama (1947), translations from William Shakespeare, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and William Saroyan. The "Khodedan" (1950) and "Call of Plowmen" novels tell the tragic story of Western Armenians during the WWI.
He is the father of filmmaker Tavros Dashtents.