Katzimo

Katzimo

Katzimo, New Mexico: see Enchanted Mesa.

Enchanted Mesa is a sandstone butte in Cibola County, New Mexico, United States, about northeast of the pueblo of Acoma. It is called Mesa Encantada in Spanish and Katzimo or Kadzima in Keresan. Acoma tradition says that Enchanted Mesa was the home of the Acoma people until a severe storm and land slide destroyed the only approach. There are no longer any ruins on the flat top. The butte is high, long and only ft wide, at its widest. The levation at the top is .

History

In 1892, when Charles F. Lummis was visiting Acoma he listened to the old indian governor, Martín Valle, who told the story of how the Acoma people used to live on Enchanted Mesa. Their access to the top was on the southern side where a large piece of the butte had spalled off formed a ramp, a "stone ladder", up to the top. Their fields, and the springs that were their water source, were in the valley. In the summer, the entire village would descend into the valley to tend the crops. One afternoon a severe thunderstorm washed away the "stone ladder", leaving only sheer rock faces all the way around the butte. Three old women had been left in the village, but they could not get down, nor could anyone else get back to the village. The Acoma people abandoned Enchanted Mesa and moved to White Rock Mesa, now called Acoma.

In 1897, Professor William Libbey from Princeton University climbed Enchanted Mesa to disprove the existence of ruins. His team used a cannon to shoot a rope over the end of the butte and using a pulley pulled himself up in a marine life-saving chair. Libbey and a newspaperman climbed to the top, spent two to three hours exploring, and returned empty-handed. Libbey announced that he had seen no ruins or artifacts, saying "Romantic Indian legend can never stand the acid test of scientific investigation." Archaeologist Frederick Webb Hodge did not take Libbey's word for it, and on a later expedition found plenty of evidence of occupation. Although the main ruins had been washed over the edge by centuries of thunderstorms, he found plenty of arrow points, stone tools, beads and pottery fragments lodged in crevices.

On 18 November 1974, an Acoma police officer indicated that he had seen a UFO over Enchanted Mesa. Over the next several days, other officers reported "a red light, faster than any aircraft". A helicopter was dispatched to the top with the governor of the pueblo and a police officer, but no direct evidence of a UFO was found.

Geology

The butte is topped by the Dakota Sandstone.

Notes

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