Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl, 1884-1976, German painter and woodcut artist. Schmidt-Rottluff cofounded and named the Brücke in 1905. After moving to Berlin in 1911, he developed an art of compelling color and mystical intensity influenced by fauvism, cubism, and primitive art. His vigorous graphic technique are best realized in his woodcuts (e.g., The Way to Emmaus, 1918; Philadelphia Mus. of Art).
orig. Karl Schmidt

Self-Portrait with Monocle, oil on canvas by Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, elipsis

(born Dec. 1, 1884, Rottluff, Ger.—died Aug. 9, 1976, West Berlin, W.Ger.) German painter and printmaker. As an architecture student in Dresden, he helped form Die Brücke in 1905. He soon realized the expressive potential of flat, patterned design; his mature style, seen in Self-Portrait with Monocle (1910), is characterized by boldly dissonant colours and jagged forms. After 1911, when he moved to Berlin, his paintings and woodcuts showed an interest in Cubism and African sculpture. Though his works had become more conventional by the 1930s, the Nazis officially declared them “degenerate.” After World War II he taught art and resumed painting, but his work never regained its former power.

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