City (pop., 1999.: 436,900), central Kazakhstan. The first settlement appeared in 1856, and small-scale coal mining began the next year. Mining expanded rapidly in the early 1930s, and the town was made a city in 1934. Kazakhstan's second largest city, it consists of the old town, which grew up haphazardly around more than 20 mining settlements, and the new town, the region's cultural and administrative centre, which includes a university and medical and polytechnic institutes.
Learn more about Qaraghandy with a free trial on Britannica.com.
The name "Karagandy" is derived from a "caragana" bushes (Caragana arborescens, Caragana frutex) which are abundant in the area. Karaganda is an industrial city, built to exploit nearby coal mines using the slave work of prisoners of labor camps. Commercial extraction of coal continues to be an important activity in the region even today. In the early 1990s, it was briefly considered as a candidate for the capital of the (then) recently independent Republic of Kazakhstan, but its bid was turned down in favor of Astana.
It is the birthplace of the late Chechen President Aslan Maskhadov. It is also the home city of Kazakh World War II hero Nurken Abdirov. A statue in Abdirov's honor is located in the center of the city.
The original site of Karaganda is now labeled on city maps as the "Old Town," but almost nothing remains on that site. In exploiting the rich coal deposits next door, the Soviets undermined the entire city, and the town had to be abandoned completely and moved several miles to the south.
Karaganda is often used as the punchline in a popular joke in the former Soviet Union. Karaganda is fairly isolated in a vast area of uninhabited steppe, and is thought by many to be "the middle of nowhere". When used in the locative case (Караганде), the final syllable rhymes with the Russian word for "where" (где), as well as with a Russian obscenity used to answer to an unwanted question "Where?". Thus the exchange: "Where is it?" "In Karaganda!"
KASE - Kazakhtelecom (Kazakhstan) informed on implementation of telephones installation in Karaganda Region rural areas.
Apr 28, 2011; /KASE, April 28, 11/ - Kazakhtelecom (Astana), securities of which are officially listed on Kazakhstan Stock Exchange (KASE)...
KASE - FSA suspended trade in bonds KZPC2Y05B806 (KAZIb2) and KZP03Y05B808 (KAZIb3) of Karaganda Asbestos and Cement Production Plant.
Jul 27, 2010; /KASE, July 27, 10/ - The Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Regulation and Supervision of Financial Market and Financial...
KASE - Karaganda Asbestos and Cement Production Plant (Kazakhstan) intends to change the terms of deal with Subsidiary Bank Sberbank of Russia.
Feb 23, 2010; /KASE, February 23, 10/ - Karaganda Asbestos and Cement Production Plant (Karaganda Region), securities of which...