is a municipality
and a city in the eastern Netherlands
. It is the home of football team DOS Kampen
, Kampen, Kamperveen
The sister cities
of Kampen are:
The city of Kampen
The city of Kampen is situated along the river IJssel
close to the point where it flows into the IJsselmeer
(formerly the "Zuiderzee
"). Opposite of Kampen, along the IJssel, lies IJsselmuiden, which is the second largest town of the municipality Kampen.
Kampen received city rights in 1236. It joined the Hanseatic League around 1440 and it used to be an important port. The population of the city as of 2007 was 49,345. Kampen has one of the best preserved old town centres of the Netherlands. Notable buildings/structures are: the two bridges spanning the IJssel which connect Kampen with IJsselmuiden, a mill (d' Olde Zwarver), numerous churches (St. Nicolas church).
Famous people from Kampen
- Hendrick Avercamp (Amsterdam, 1585-Kampen, 1634), nicknamed "de Stomme van Kampen" (The Mute of Kampen), is a painter best known for his small winter landscapes. Thea Beckman featured him as a character in various books. In Kampen, a street (Avercampstraat) and a grand café are named after him.
- Dr. Willem Johan Kolff, (14 February 1911, Leiden) inventor of the artificial kidney. A street in Kampen is named after him (Dr. Kolfflaan).
- Jaap Stam (1972, Kampen), football player for Ajax Amsterdam. Also played for FC Zwolle, Cambuur Leeuwarden, Willem II, PSV Eindhoven, Manchester United, S.S. Lazio, AC Milan and the Netherlands national football team. He started playing football as a child for the local football club D.O.S. Kampen.
- Henk van Ulsen (born: 1927, Kampen), actor. Played in many teleplays and television series like "Dagboek van een Herdershond", "Briefgeheim", "Pension Hommeles", "Willem van Oranje" and many others.
- Petra van Staveren (1966, Kampen), swimmer who won the golden medal in the 100 metres breaststroke at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California.