(ˈu:jɛst; is a very common Czech toponym
roughly meaning around-ridden
. It denotes a settlement newly established in the Middle Ages (usually in woody, previously sparsely populated areas of the country). The boudaries of such portion of land were set by riding on horseback around the location. (Latin
NOTE: The word jzedec does mean rider, but with Ú denoting "at the" it is less likely to mean around-ridden than at the horse rider's distance; not diameter, but radius.