Definitions

Kalusky Raion

Kalush, Ukraine

Kalush (Калуш, Kałusz, Yiddish קאַלוש, translit. Kalush or Kalish) is a city set in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains, in the Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is a separate municipality subordinate to the oblast, as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Kalusky Raion (district). The current estimated population is around 63,800 (as of 2004).

Important local industries include food processing, clothing manufacture, chemicals, handicrafts, woodcarving, and concrete.

History

The earliest known mention of Kalush is the accounting of a settlement of that name in a Halychyna chronicle dated May 27, 1437. Incorporated as a city in 1939, the city was part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria-Hungary and Second Polish Republic. In 1940, the Soviets forced Polish inhabitants of Kalush to leave the town and forcefully moved them to Siberia, where most of the Poles died. Then, in late 1941 and 1942, Jewish inhabitants of Kalush were murdered by the Germans.

Since the 16th Century, a Jewish community has flourished in the city; however, in 1941, while under Nazi control, that community was virtually eliminated.

Notable Residents

Sister Cities

City Country Year of Signing

Bačka Palanka Serbia

Grand Prairie, Texas United States

External links

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