South Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Selatan often abbreviated to Kalsel) is a province of Indonesia. It is one of four Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan - the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. The provincial capital is Banjarmasin.
The province has a population of 2.97 million (2000 census).
There are 11 regencies in South Kalimantan as listed below with their capitals:
Administrative cities: Banjarbaru
Initially South Kalimantan was part of Central Kalimantan
during early days of the Indonesian independence. However, due to the government's policy of migrating a lot of people from Java
island to Kalimantan
, there were religious clashes occurred between the Javanese immigrant who are mostly Muslims
with the local Dayak people who are mostly Christians
. Due to this problem, the government had to separate Central Kalimantan
become two provinces of Central Kalimantan
of Christian Dayak majority and South Kalimantan where most of the Muslim Javanese immigrants reside.