The city has a population of about 504,920(agglomeration 803,340) as per 2001 census. This coastal city is witnessing rapid growth thanks to the recently granted Special Economic Zone status. It is one of the largest tier-2 cities of India and the fourth largest city in A.P. The city also has a deep-water port which is expanding rapidly.
The presence of a small island called Hope Island about 5 km from Kakinada coast, makes Kakinada a natural Harbor. Prior to construction of the deep water port, the old anchorage port operated for several decades as the largest minor port in India. At present, both deep water port and older anchorage port operate side by side.
The 82 1/2 degrees east longitude, with respect to which IST (Indian Standard Time) is calculated, passes through Kakinada.
Distances to other cities
As of 2001 India census, Kakinada had a population of 504,920. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kakinada has an average literacy rate of about 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 65%. In Kakinada, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The nearest airport is located at Rajahmundry, about 65-km from the city has services to Hyderabad, Chennai and Visakhapatnam. Air Deccan and Kingfisher Airlines are the two airlines operating here. The nearest International airport is at Visakhapatnam at a distance of 145-km and has the services of all major airline operators to all big cities in the country.
Kakinada has three railway stations namely Kakinada Junction(3km), Kakinada Port(8km) and Samalkot Junction(12km). Only Samalkota is on the Chennai-Visakhapatnam-Howrah line, where a few express trains stop to connect Kakinada with the important places of the country.
Good roads connect Kakinada with all the places within the state and also with major cities like Chennai and Bangalore. Transport by road from Kakinada to all the places of interest is in the form of Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) buses.There are non-stop services to Visakhapatnam and Rajahmundry 365 days-a-year. City buses, Taxis, Autorickshaws are the major means of transport within the city. Private bus operators provide transport services to various parts of the country. National Highway-214 runs through the heart of the city.
Kakinada deep water port is the second largest in the state after Visakhapatnam port. It is operated by Kakinada Seaports Limited Before the deep water port was built, the anchorage port was the largest of the forty minor-ports operating in India. It is well connected to all major seaports in the country. Currently both deep water port and older anchorage port operate side by side.
JSW Infrastructure and Logistics, an infrastructure and logistics company owned by the JSW group is building ship repair and shipyard facilities near kakinada port with an investment of about US$250 million.
Also, a second port is being planned to be built exclusively to serve KSEZ (Kakinada Special Economic Zone).
In the late 1940s (around the time of Indian Independence) there was little industry in and around Kakinada and the local economy consisted mainly of agricultural and fishing. Six decades later, Kakinada's economy has a diverse Industrial base.
Kakinada is often called the "Fertilizer City" of Andhra Pradesh. The city is home to two Fertilizer companies. Nagarjuna Fertilizers is the biggest Urea manufacturer in coastal Andhra. Another company, Godavari Fertilizers, produces DAP (Di-Ammonium Phosphate).
The Murugappa Group-owned EID Parry (India) Ltd and Cargill International SA have announced their plans to enter into a joint venture to set up a port-based stand-alone sugar refinery in Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh. EID Parry vice-chairman A Vellayan said the investment was estimated at Rs 325 crore. The plant was expected to be commissioned by December 2008, with an initial refining capacity of 6 lakh tonnes and ultimately 1 million tonnes. Reliance is also planning to set up a sugar mill.
There is an LPG Bottling plant set up by Shri Shakti LPG Limited Kakinada has been in the news recently after several oil companies decided to use it as a transit point for oil and gas shipments. The economic value of these investments has increased considerably after the recent gas finds by ONGC [Oil and Natural Gas Corporation], Reliance in the KG basin. ONGC is currently working on setting up a refinery in Kakinada.
Reliance Gas Transportation Infrastructure Ltd (RGTIL), is implementing a 1,440-km pipeline project from [Kakinada] to Baruch (Gujarat) to transport gas from KG Basin fields owned by Reliance
In 2002 several edible oil refineries established themselves in Kakinada and the refining capacity has touched 3000 tons per day. Kakinada port is facilitating the imports of crude palm oil, crude soyabean oil. Kakinada is having an edible oil per day refining capacity of more than 3000 MTS Major refineries are Acalmar Oils & fats limited, Ruchi Infrastructure, Nikhil refineries ltd, etc.
The Vakalapudi Industrial park in Kakinada has attracted investments worth over US$ 10 million from bio-diesel companies such as Reliance Industries, Naturol Bioenergy and Universal Bio Fuel. Andhra Pradesh has entered into a formal agreement with Reliance Industries for Jatropha planting. The company has selected 200 acres of land at Kakinada to grow jatropha for high quality bio-diesel fuel.
Kakianada is home to the an electronic components manufacturing company that started operations since 1977 called Andhra Electronics Ltd. ,
Kakinada is one of the 4 tier-II cities in Andhra Pradesh where Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) had setup a facility in 2007. About 12 companies are currently operating in Kakinada and four of them were incubated in the STPI facility.
Apart from Infotech Enterprises, there are several small to mid-size software companies that operate in Kakinada which include Aaspire Technologies, ForeTell Technologies Private Limited, Nyros Technologies, 3One Technologies , Easty Solutions etc
Avineon Inc, an US based technology company that provides geospatial and engineering services, has announced in April, 2008 that it would set up a new facility at Kakinada that can accommodate about 100 employees.
There are about 28 landing centers and also a large fishing wharf in Kakinada. The area surrounding Kakinada is home to several aqua farms. There are also several units that process and export fish, shrimp and other marine products. Recognizing the importance of fishing and aquaculture industry to the local economy, Andhra Pradesh state government established a research and training center on fisheries in 1958 called APSIFT (Andhra Pradesh State Institute of Fisheries Technology) in Kakinada in cooperation with FAO. The CIFE (Central Institute of Fisheries education), a deemed university established by Indian government in 1961 has one of its three campuses in India in Kakinada. The CIFE is the first fisheries university in India and provides post-graduate education and training, to in-service fisheries personnel not only from India but also many African and Asian countries
Several Rice mills exist in and around Kakinada and some of the rice is exported to other countries
Spectrum Power Generation Ltd. has a 208MW Power plant at kakinada. Very soon, Kakinada poised to have a floating power plant (FPP) .Industry major GMR Energy will be taking over the prestigious 220 MW FPP at an estimated cost of Rs 600 crore. GMR will supply power to the State power grid as per the terms and conditions of the Government.
Imports consist of chemicals, edible oils, agricultural products (wheat, sugar etc)
Kakinada is a major hub fulfilling the growing educational demand of people within the district. The past decade has witnessed exponential growth and many residential colleges have established themselves to offer quality secondary education. There are also several professional colleges in and around the city offering courses in Engineering, Medical, IT and Management at the graduate and post graduate level.
The city is home to the Government College of Engineering, (currently called Kakinada campus of Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU)), is the second oldest engineering college in Andhra Pradesh (Established on 1946) and Rangaraya Medical College, one of the oldest of its kind.
A comprehensive list of educational institutions in Kakinada is available at
One of the well known restaurants include that serve local style Andhra Cuisine is Sri Krishna Vilas popularly known as Subbiah Hotel.
This city is also famous for its unique Kakinada Kaaja which later was very popular not only in Andhra but also in far away places like Bihar and U.P.. Kotiah Sweets (founded in the year 1900) is locally the most famous and possibly the earliest known maker of Kakinada Kaaja, a sweet made from maida and dipped in sugar syrup.
The locals frequent the innumerable carts strategically located at populous street corners to get their share of bhajis and a delightfully tasty mixture of onions, toasted rice, and sev (Pidatha Kindha Pappu).
Kakinada is also one of the few regions in the entire Andhra Pradesh where Chekkarakeli aratipandu (banana) and Kothapalli kobbari maamidipandu (mango) are available.Kakinada is also famous for its delicious pesarattu, a breakfast or brunch item formed into crepes from moong daal (pesara pappu), green chillies, ginger and cumin. These are sold in restaurants as well as street stalls.