The foundation behind the newspaper, Jyllands-Postens Fond, specifies that it is an independent liberal newspaper (liberal should be understood in the historic meaning of the term). The paper officially supported the Conservative People's Party until 1938. Since then, it has considered itself an independent liberal-conservative (bourgeoisie) newspaper.
Jyllandsposten quickly became one of Jutland's most modern newspapers and secured an exclusive access to government telegraph wires between 21:00 and midnight every day. This enabled Jyllandsposten to publish news one day earlier than most of its competitors. Gradually the paper expanded, enlarging its format and adding more and more pages. The first issues had only contained four pages. In 1889 it abandoned the traditional Gothic script in favour of the Latin script used today. Gothic script had been abolished by the Danish spelling reform of 1875, but was still in wide use.
Politically the paper supported the Højre ("Right") party – which became the Conservative People's Party in 1915. The paper advocated business interests and strongly opposed socialism. It was also critical of business monopolies.
In international affairs, it was generally supportive of Britain and critical of Germany, which it considered the only country that "wished to attack Denmark," to quote an 1872 edition. This nationalist sentiment was a reaction to Germany's annexation of large portions of southern Jutland following the Second War of Schleswig in 1864. Editorially the newspaper supported the Danish minority in Germany and advocated for a new border located at the Danevirke. Throughout World War I Jyllands-Posten continued its verbal attacks on Germany despite the government's policy of neutrality in the conflict. In 1918, the newspaper was outlawed in Germany.
During the 1920s and 30s, the editorial line of the paper was right-wing Conservative. The paper expressed its sympathy for a number of conservative issues, most notably increasing the size of the Danish military, which had experienced a massive cut in funds by the Social Democratic government. Another issue was support of the Danish minority in Germany. The paper expressed its admiration for the authoritarian regimes of Italy and Germany on several occasions, a line assumed by many European newspapers.
In 1922, the newspaper expressed its admiration for Benito Mussolini, who had just assumed office: The very strong man, that Mussolini undoubtedly is, is exactly what the misruled Italian people need. In 1933, the newspaper advocated that Denmark follow Germany's example and replace petty party politics with the stability of an authoritarian regime. The paper considered the German Weimar republic to be a failure because of its lack of stability, and was sympathetic to Adolf Hitlers coming to power and the shutting down of democratic institutions. In march 1933, the paper wrote: Only dry tears will be cried at the grave of the Weimar Republic ... As odd as it may sound, the only 12-year-old German constitution with its one-chamber-system, its low electoral age - 20 years - and proportional representation is already antiquated. The editorial of May 17, 1933, stated that ...democratic rule by the people, as we know it, is a luxury which can be afforded in good times when the economy is favorable. But restoring the economy after many years of lavish spending requires a firm hand...
On November 15, 1938, the editorial commented on the Kristallnacht with the words: "When one has studied the Jewish question in Europe for decades, the animosity towards the Jews is to a certain extent understandable, even if we look past the racial theories, that mean so much in the national socialist world view [...] We know, that tens of thousands of Jews condemn the Jewish business sharks, the Jewish pornography speculators and the Jewish terrorists. But still, it can not be denied, that the experiences which the Germans - as many other continental peoples - have had with regards to the Jews, form a certain basis for their persecution. One must give Germany, that they have a right to dispose of their Jews."
A front page story in 1938 was an open letter to Mussolini criticizing the persecution of Jews, written by Kaj Munk, a prominent priest and playwright, who himself had though previously been sympathetic towards Mussolini and Hitler. In 1939, the paper rebuked the Danish government for signing a German-Danish treaty of non-aggression.
In Jyllands-Postens own history about themselves, on their website, only the the story of Kaj Munks open letter to Mussolini, and the fact that the paper took distance to Germany by advocating against the Danish-German non-aggression treaty, is mentioned´- while nonthing is mentioned of the sympathies towards Fascism and Nazism. The paper writes on its own history in the period: JP in this period turned itself firmly against the Soviet Union and world communism, while still maintaining a distance towards Germany, especially with its demands for a strengthened Danish military, and its support for the Danish minority in Southern Schleswig. In 1939 the paper, in opposition to the Copenhagen papers, went against the Danish-German non-aggression treaty.
Jyllands-Posten has been criticised for thereby trying to falsify its own history, and even changing it completely, by trying to state that they where very much opponents of the Italian fascists and German national socialists in this period, while the were in reality most often the exact opposite.
In 1954, Jyllands-Posten became the first newspaper in Denmark to use colour photos in its layouts. In 1956, the paper implemented the Danish spelling reform of 1948, although headlines were written in old style until 1965.
In 1959, First Secretary of the Communist Party Nikita Khrushchev reportedly cancelled an official visit to Denmark, on the grounds that Jyllands-Posten had published a number of articles highly critical of the Soviet Union. Jyllands-Posten's editorial line remained staunchly anti-Communist.
Jyllands-Posten was affected by a series of strikes in 1956 and between 1973 and 1977. In 1977, the paper left the Union of Danish Employers, following a three week long strike against the introduction of new labour-saving equipment. In 1971, the paper bought out the joint stock company controlling it, and it has since been owned by a foundation. In the 1980s, the newspaper gradually increased its number of foreign correspondents, until finally stationing more than 20 journalists around the world.
In 1982, Jyllands-Posten's Sunday edition became the largest Sunday paper in Denmark. The paper established offices in Denmark's 10 largest cities. The 1990s was marked by a struggle with Berlingske Tidende which was seeking to expand its circulation in Jutland. In response, Jyllands-Posten began issuing a special version of the paper in Copenhagen. In 1994, the weekly edition became the biggest daily morning-newspaper in Denmark with a circulation of 153,000. An internet edition was launched in January 1996, which is the most visited Danish internet news site. In 2001 a number of journalists left Jyllands-Posten and launched the free distribution daily MetroXpress in coorporation with a Swedish media company. In 2002-2003 Jyllands-Posten merged with the rival publisher of Politiken and Ekstra Bladet, although the three newspapers maintain their editorial independence.
|Tuesday||International||International news and analysis|
|Wednesday||Forbrug||Consumer guides and reviews|
|Thursday||KulturWeekend||In-depth analysis of culture, often in relation to politics and international events|
|Saturday||Explorer||Travelling and leisure|
|Sunday||Living||Furnishing, home and lifestyle|
Jyllands-Posten does not present a consistently pro- or anti-migrant stance relative to other Danish newspapers. However, it has been criticized as being anti-migrant after a few controversial incidents.
A journalist employed at Jyllands-Posten won a second prize in 2005 in an EU wide competition for journalists for diversity and against discrimination. The compilation of several articles "The Integration Paper" by Orla Borg was awarded the second prize.
In 2002 the Danish Council of the Press, criticised the newspaper for breaching its regulations on race while reporting on three Somalis charged with a crime.. The relevant regulation was: "Any mention of family relations, occupation, race, nationality, faith or relationship to an organisation ought to be avoided, unless this has a direct relevance to the case,"
Jyllands-Posten published a story alleging asylum fraud by resident Palestinian refugees in Denmark. This contributed to the electoral success of Anders Fogh Rasmussen in November 20, 2001, whose political party campaigned for reduced immigration. The story was found to be unsupported and resulted in the sacking of the editor-in-chief Ulrik Haagerup on December 12, 2001 (Politiken, Berlingske Tidende, Information, B.T., December 13, 2001). However, Jyllands-Posten maintained that the dismissal of Haagerup had nothing to do with his responsibility for the articles in question (editorial on December 16, 2001). According to Weekendavisen, a newspaper that pretty much shares the political line of Jyllands-Posten, the real reason for Haagerup's dismissal was a disagreement about the employment strategy (December 21, 2001).
The 2004 report on Denmark by the European Network Against Racism (ENAR), an organisation of NGOs funded partly by the European Commission, concluded that the Danish media devoted an excessive proportion of their time to the problems posed by immigrants, and most often Islamic immigrants, while often ignoring the problems that these immigrants face. According to the ENAR report, out of 382 JP articles on immigrants, 212 were negative, a share similar to other Danish newspapers. The ENAR report holds newspapers such as Jyllands-Posten to blame for the rise of the anti-immigrant right-wing in Danish politics.
The paper gained international attention after its controversial publication in September 2005 of 12 cartoons depicting Islam and Muhammad. The most notorious of these showed Muhammed with a bomb in his turban. This drew protests from Danish Muslims, followed in early 2006 by protests throughout the Muslim world.
The newspaper has been accused of misusing freedom of speech by Muslim groups and a number of non-Muslim Danes. The Muhammad cartoons controversy resulted in withdrawal of the ambassadors of Libya, Saudi Arabia and Syria from Denmark, as well as consumer boycotts of Danish products in a number of Islamic countries.
The newspaper has apologised for offending Muslims, but maintains it has the right to print the cartoons, saying that Islamic fundamentalism cannot dictate what Danish newspapers are allowed to print. The newspaper's two main offices have since been the subject of several bomb threats.
In April 2003, a different editor on the newspaper rejected a set of unsolicited Jesus cartoons submitted by Christoffer Zieler. The Muhammed cartoons were solicited for a specific story, about self-censorship springing out of fear of Muslim extremists, after the author of a Children's book about Muhammed had to use an anonymous illustrator. Ahmed Akkari, spokesman for the Danish-based European Committee for Prophet Honouring, saw this as a double-standard. However Jyllands-Posten stated that they rejected the Jesus cartoons because they were poor quality.
In February 2008, following the arrest of three men who allegedly had conspired to kill one of the cartoonists, Jyllands-Posten and 16 other Danish newspapers republished the cartoon in question to "show their commitment to freedom of speech".
In September the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten published a group of cartoons depicting the Prophet Muhammad in various ways, some of them satirically disrespectful.(DENMARK)
Feb 01, 2006; DENMARK -- In September the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten published a group of cartoons depicting the Prophet Muhammad in...