It spent the first week of its life following an erratic path around the Coral Sea; however, with the constant cloud cover the water temperature dropped 4°C. As a consequence of this, Cyclone Justin was deprived of its vital energy source (the warm water vapour) and therefore moved northeast (towards Papua New Guinea) to warmer water. Here, it grew to a Category 3 cyclone and caused storm force winds and storm surges. On the 22nd of March it retreated to Queensland where it made landfall, as a Category 2 cyclone, north of Cairns. The areas in and around Cairns, Innisfail and Mareeba areas were devastated with large storm surges, excessive flooding, gusts of winds which reached up to 130km/h and landslides.
Cyclone Justin resulted in 7 fatalities; 5 people were on a yacht that sank, a woman was killed in a landslide which was triggered by the excessive rainfall, and a boy was electrocuted by a falling power line. The areas affected were very close knit communities, and so, when these fatalities occurred everybody was devastated. This resulted in the communities being brought together by their shared experiences and underlying grief. Many of the other social impacts of Cyclone Justin go hand in hand with the economic ones. For instance, some farmers only source of income is their crops, so when their crops were destroyed they didn’t have anything left. This would have being a very stressful time as they would have to find another way to make money in order to rebuild their properties/crops. This could have induced mental anguish on some of the farmers and resulted in them giving up on farming and moving away altogether. A similar situation would be felt by those who were rendered unemployed by the cyclone, as they wouldn’t have an income stream to support themselves on.
The environmental impart of Cyclone Justin was large and varied. The Great Barrier Reef was one of the most significant locations which was damaged by the cyclone. With a limited width of open water the Barrier Reef is, as its name suggests, a barrier to the land against high swells. Although this means that the land is relatively well protected, the reef is exposed to high swells and large waves. When Cyclone Justin hit in 1997 some parts (mainly around Heron Island and the Whitsundays) of the Great Barrier Reef’s ecosystem were severely damaged. This is because Justin’s extreme wave power caused the break-up of corals which many fish (and other organisms) relied on to live; in turn this affected the larger organisms which relied on these smaller organisms to live, and so on. Some experts believe, however, that the break-up of hard corals is a positive impact as it is simply part of the reef’s life cycle. Cyclone Justin also impacted the beaches along Northern Queensland. Many beaches experienced acute erosion due to high tides and storm surge. As well as this salt water inundated many areas, specifically from Cooktown to Fraser Island. Many plants have an extremely low tolerance to salt water and for that reason a significant amount of vegetation along the coast died.
Foiled by Leftovers? Come on Colin and Justin Go for an Olympic Gold and Silver Kitchen That Confirms They're Champions of Good taste.You'll Be Floored by Our Ideas in Bargain Hunt and If All That Gives You an Appetite,try Chef Michael Kilkie's Fajitas. Inside
Jul 29, 2012; Mrs Mop You know how it is after a big dinner or a party - you have so many leftovers and always want to send guests away with a...