The book was successful, as was the 1993 film adaptation which led to two sequels, although the last was not based on a novel, as the previous films were. The software developers Ocean Software, BlueSky Software and Sega of America have had the rights to developing video games since the 1993 film, and numerous games have been produced.
Currently a fourth feature film is in the works, but it has been lingering in development hell since a year after the third film. Many rumors have surrounded the project since it was first reported, many surrounding plot and script ideas, and new logos.
Michael Crichton originally conceived a screenplay around a pterodactyl being cloned from fossil DNA. After wrestling with this idea for a while, he came up with Jurassic Park. Steven Spielberg learned of the novel in October 1989 while he and Crichton were discussing a screenplay that would become the TV series ER. Before the book was published, Crichton put up a non-negotiable fee for $1.5 million as well as a substantial percentage of the gross. Warner Bros. and Tim Burton, Columbia Tristar and Richard Donner, and 20th Century Fox and Joe Dante also bid for the rights, Universal further paid Crichton $500,000 to adapt his own novel, but Universal eventually acquired them in May 1990 for Spielberg. Universal desperately needed money to keep their company alive, and partially succeeded with Jurassic Park, as it became a critical and commercial success.
After Jurassic Park was released to home video, Crichton was pressured from many sources for a sequel novel. Crichton declined all offers until Spielberg himself told him that he would direct the sequel, if one would ever occur. Production then began almost immediately. After the novel was published in 1995, The Lost World: Jurassic Park began production in September 1996.
Before the production of the second film, Joe Johnston approached Steven Spielberg about directing the project. While Spielberg wanted to direct the first sequel, he agreed that if there was ever a third film, Johnston could direct. Production began on August 30 2000.
A sequel novel began production after readers and Steven Spielberg himself pressured Michael Crichton for a sequel novel. Michael Crichton confirmed that his novel had elements taken from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's novel of the same name. The book was also an outstanding success, both with professional and amateur critics. A film adaptation was released in 1997.
Development of the film began before the novel was even published, and Crichton was hired to contribute to a script that cut much of its story. Spielberg hired Stan Winston Studios' puppets and worked with Industrial Light & Magic to develop cutting-edge CGI to portray the dinosaurs. Jurassic Park was well received by critics, although they criticized the characterization. During its release, the film grossed $914 million, becoming the most successful film yet released, and it is currently the tenth-highest grossing feature film, significantly inspiring a new breed of films that primarily used CGI for special effects. The film was followed by The Lost World: Jurassic Park in 1997 and by Jurassic Park III in 2001, with Jurassic Park IV in development.
The film centers on the island of Isla Sorna, an auxiliary site for the main Jurassic Park island, where dinosaurs have taken over and live in the wild. Ian Malcolm leads a team to document the dinosaurs in their native habitat, while an InGen team attempts to capture them for a second Jurassic Park in San Diego. After finishing The Lost World, Steven Spielberg stated he would never work on another Jurassic Park movie again. A few short years later, he began production on Jurassic Park III.
Joe Johnston had been interested in directing the sequel to Jurassic Park and approached friend Steven Spielberg about the project. While Spielberg wanted to direct the first sequel, he agreed that if there was ever a third film, Johnston could direct. Production began on August 30 2000 with filming in California, Oahu, and Molokai. The film was a moderate success, and had mixed reviews from critics. Most were split on whether the third installment was better or worse than its predecessor. The film once again suffered reviews of little to no characterization.
The setting takes place on Isla Sorna, the island from the second film, after a couple hires Dr. Alan Grant to help them find their son, Eric. But their plane crashes on the Island, and the survivors attempt to escape the island, while being stalked by a Spinosaurus and Velociraptors.
In June 2002, director Steven Spielberg told Starlog magazine that he planned to produce Jurassic Park IV, and director Joe Johnston, who helmed Jurassic Park III, would direct it. In November 2002, screenwriter William Monahan was hired to write, with the film's release slated for summer 2005. In July 2003, Monahan completed the first draft, with the story no longer set in the jungle. Actor Sam Neill said he was returning as Dr. Alan Grant, with filming expected to begin in 2004 in California and Hawaii. In September 2004, screenwriter John Sayles was re-writing the script, with the film re-slated for a winter 2005 release. His second draft focused on the new character Nick Harris, who returns to Isla Nublar, the location of the first film, and retrieves Dennis Nedry's can of DNA. He is captured by the Grendel corporation, which now owns InGen, and he is hired to train five genetically modified Deinonychus as mercenaries.
In October 2004, paleontologist Jack Horner said he would return as technical adviser for the fourth film as he had done for previous Jurassic Park films. By April 2005, special effects artist Stan Winston explained that the delay in production was due to repeated revisions of the film's script, none of which satisfied Spielberg. According to Winston, "He felt neither of [the drafts] balanced the science and adventure elements effectively. It's a tough compromise to reach, as too much science will make the movie too talky, but too much adventure will make it seem hollow. In February 2006, producer Frank Marshall said filming would begin in 2007 for a 2008 release. In March 2007, Sam Neill said he was not asked to reprise his role as Dr. Alan Grant, while Laura Dern was asked to return for the new film, which Universal still wanted to release by 2008. Director Joe Johnston was also reported not to be directing the film. Richard Attenborough has been contacted about reprising the role of John Hammond. Laura Dern has confirmed her role in the film.
|Jurassic Park||The Lost World: Jurassic Park||Jurassic Park III|
|Dr. Alan Grant||Sam Neill||Sam Neill|
|Dr. Ellie Sattler||Laura Dern||Laura Dern|
|Dr. Ian Malcolm||Jeff Goldblum|
|John Hammond||Richard Attenborough|
|Alexis "Lex" Murphy||Ariana Richards|
|Tim Murphy||Joseph Mazzello|
|Robert Muldoon||Bob Peck|
|Donald Gennaro||Martin Ferrero|
|Ray Arnold||Samuel L. Jackson|
|Dennis Nedry||Wayne Knight|
|Dr. Sarah Harding||Julianne Moore|
|Roland Tembo||Pete Postlethwaite|
|Nick Van Owen||Vince Vaughn|
|Peter Ludlow||Arliss Howard|
|Kelly Curtis Malcolm||Vanessa Lee Chester|
|Eddie Carr||Richard Schiff|
|Dieter Stark||Peter Stormare|
|Ajay Sidhu||Harvey Jason|
|Paul Kirby||William H. Macy|
|Amanda Kirby||Téa Leoni|
|Billy Brennan||Alessandro Nivola|
|Erik Kirby||Trevor Morgan|
|M. B. Nash||Bruce A. Young|
|Jurassic Park||The Lost World: Jurassic Park||Jurassic Park III|
While the films portrayed a wide variety of dinosaurs, the books had several species mentioned to be cloned or seen that did not appear in the Jurassic Park films. Since there was no book version of Jurassic Park III, there were no dinosaurs featured in the book that did not appear in the film. Also, the dinosaurs Ceratosaurus, Spinosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Corythosaurus and Mamenchisaurus are not seen in the book series.
|Film||Release date||Box office revenue||Box office ranking||Reference|
|United States||Foreign||Worldwide||All time domestic||All time worldwide|
|Jurassic Park||June 11 1993||$357,067,947||$557,623,171||$914,691,118||#12||#10|
|The Lost World: Jurassic Park||May 23 1997||$229,086,679||$389,552,320||$618,638,999||#57||#35|
|Jurassic Park III||July 18 2001||$181,171,875||$187,608,934||$368,780,809||#101||#107|
|Jurassic Park film series||$767,326,501||$1,134,784,425||$1,902,110,926|
|Film||Rotten Tomatoes||Metacritic (DVD rating)||Yahoo! Movies|
|Overall||Cream of the Crop|
|Jurassic Park||86% (33 reviews)||89% (9 reviews)||68% (20 reviews)||B (7 reviews)|
|The Lost World: Jurassic Park||52% (52 reviews)||45% (11 reviews)||59% (18 reviews)|
|Jurassic Park III||48% (149 reviews)||33% (27 reviews)||42% (30 reviews)|
Ever since the announcement of the 1993 Jurassic Park feature film, developers Ocean Software, BlueSky Software and Sega of America were licensed to produce games to be sold to coincide with the release of the film on the popular platforms of the time.
Ocean Software released video games based on the 1993 film for NES, Super NES, Game Boy, PC:DOS, and Amiga. Sega of America released three games for Sega systems. Each game became substantial sellers, and spawned a second generation of video games for SNES and Game Boy. For the second film in the franchise, DreamWorks Interactive released 5 games for the most popular systems at the time. The third film had the biggest marketing push, spawning seven video games for PC and Game Boy Advance. A number of lightgun arcade games were also released for all three films.
There was also a game available on the Microsoft Xbox console and also the Playstation 2 as well as the PC called Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis where the goal of the game was to create and manage their own version of Jurassic Park, in a manner somewhat similar to the Zoo Tycoon games. Fans of Zoo Tycoon 2 have been able to mesh and create creatures from Jurassic Park for download.