Juist is 17 km long and 500 m to 1 km wide (this depends on the level of tide, which sinks and falls about 2.5 m in 6 hours). There are two villages on the island: the main village Juist, and Loog.
Juist can be reached from Norddeich train station and ferry port on the East Frisian mainland by the ferries of Reederei Norden-Frisia Frisia II, Frisia VI, Frisia IX, Frisia X at high tide - that means usually only once a day.
A non-tide-dependent way to reach the island is offered by the Airline FLN, though the weather conditions are sometimes - especially in winter - so bad that the airline has to cancel all flights for a day. Their 4-seated Cessna and their four 10-seated Britten-Norman Islanders serve Juist airport, which is the one with the second highest number of starts and landings in Lower Saxony after the capital airport Hannover.
The passage by ship takes about - depending on the wind and the waterlevel - 90 minutes, a flight takes just 7 minutes.
Only the fire department, the German Red Cross and doctors have motor vehicles - the police have only 'office bikes'. The post office and the shipping company have each one electric car. Some institutions like the shipping company and a branch of the Coastal defence authority have tractors, but need a special license, every time they want to navigate through the town.
All other transports like garbage collection, building material, guest luggage, pizza service etc. are done by bike or horse-drawn carriage.
What you can see from the North Sea as 'skyline' are just two buildings: the water tower and an old hotel, which looks a bit like the German Reichstag since its restoration. The lighthouse at the port is not high enough to be seen from the North Sea - has no nautical importance, not even for the ferries to the island. Its use is rather to make the port area look nicer.
At the western end of Juist, there is a large sandbank, the "Billreef". It looks absolutely empty like a sand desert. But with a spyglass, especially during bird migration time, large flocks of birds will rest on the island, up to 30,000 at one time. The Dunlin, Grey Plover and Knot have a long way to go - for example from Tamyr peninsula in Siberia and to Africa. Their break in the Wadden Sea is absolutely essential, because these birds need to eat a lot of food in the shortest time possible to move on quickly. That's why Billreef is a natural reserve.
The beach and the dunes are eroded by the sea in the western part of Juist. The edge of the dunes moves about five meters to the south each winter. Things like this happen on every East Frisian island - some islands moved so far that the town had to be rebuilt several times. Every island except Juist and Langeoog have big concrete groynes at their western end.
Tourism is the main source of income for Juist's economy. In almost all the buildings on the island are guestrooms. There are also several hotels and a youth hostel.
The island is popular for people having respiratory complaints because of the unpolluted air.
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