Joseph Bradford Carr
– February 24
) was a general in the Union Army
during the American Civil War
Carr was born in Albany, New York
, and worked as a tobacconist
. He was appointed colonel
of the 2nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
on May 14
, and took part in the engagement at Big Bethel
. He served under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan
throughout the Peninsula Campaign
and was promoted to brigadier general
on September 7
, for gallantry at Malvern Hill
. As a brigade commander in III Corps
, Army of the Potomac
, General Carr participated in the battles of Fredericksburg
(commanding a division during a part of the latter after the death of Hiram Berry
He was distinguished for gallantry at Gettysburg, where he was wounded and his men stubbornly held their ground near the Peach Orchard. He commanded 3rd division III Corps in the autumn campaigns of 1863. A problem with his commission kept him off the battlefield until nearly the end of the war. He commanded a garrison in the Army of the James at the time of the Appomattox Campaign. In 1865, Carr was brevetted as a major general of volunteers.
Post-war and death
After the close of the war, he became a manufacturer in Troy, New York
, a Republican
politician in New York State
He was Secretary of State of New York
from 1880 to 1885. In 1885, he ran on the Republican ticket
for Lieutenant Governor of New York
with Ira Davenport
, but was defeated.
Carr died in Troy, New York, and is buried there in Oakwood Cemetery.
- Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.