See study by S. Orgel and R. Strong (2 vol., 1973).
(born July 15, 1573, Smithfield, London, Eng.—died June 21, 1652, London) British painter, architect, and designer. The son of a clothworker, he studied painting in Italy and attracted the patronage of the king of Denmark, for whom he apparently designed two palaces before returning to England. Beginning in 1605, he designed the scenes and costumes for masques by Ben Jonson and others. From 1615 to 1642, he was the King's Surveyor of Works. His first important undertaking was the Queen's House at Greenwich (begun 1616), England's first Palladian-style building. His greatest achievement, the Banqueting House at Whitehall (1619–22), consists of one great raised chamber with colonnades set against the walls, which support a flat, beamed ceiling. For his design for Covent Garden (1630), London's first square, Jones is credited with the introduction of town planning in England.
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He was born in London, and he is currently 14th in line to the British throne. He has a younger sister, The Hon. Margarita Armstrong-Jones. He is second heir to the Earldom of Snowdon after his father, Lord Linley. He is styled The Hon. Charles Armstrong-Jones. When his father succeeds to the Earldom, he will be known as Viscount Linley. He will become the 3rd Earl of Snowdon when his father dies.
His first name (Charles) is in honour of his first cousin once removed, Charles, Prince of Wales; his second name (Patrick) is in honour of Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, the birthplace of his mother; his third name (Inigo) is in honour of the 17th century English architect and designer Inigo Jones.