Joint Space Operations Center
) is a command and control (C2) weapon system focused on planning and executing US Strategic Command
's Joint Functional Component Command for Space
(JFCC SPACE) mission. The purpose of the JSpOC is to provide a focal point for the operational employment of worldwide joint space forces, and enable the Commander of JFCC SPACE (CDR JFCC SPACE) to integrate space power into global military operations.
The JSpOC includes the personnel from all four military services and three Allied nations (Great Britain, Australia, and Canada), facilities and equipment necessary to provide CDR JFCC SPACE the ability to plan and execute command and control of worldwide space forces. It is composed of five core divisions: Strategy (SD), Combat Plans (CPD), Combat Operations (COD), and Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISRD), and Unified Space Vault (USV).
Three products are used to plan and execute JFCC SPACE forces in support of the mission:
- Space Operations Directive (SOD; produced by Strategy Division): The SOD is a weekly assertion of CDR JFCC SPACE's intent, and gives him overall visibility into the efforts of the subordinate units assigned to his Tactical Control (TACON).
- Master Space Plan (MSP; produced by Combat Plans Division): The MSP visually details how joint space forces will support both CDR JFCC SPACE and theater commanders and guides the creation of the weekly JSTO.
- Joint Space Tasking Order (JSTO; produced by Combat Plans Division): The JSTO functions as CDR JFCC SPACE's execution order and tasks his OPCON and TACON units with specific missions.
All three products can be effectively matched to synchronize with ongoing exercise or real-world wartime operations in any geographic combatant command.
Combat Operations Division effectively directs the execution phase of operations and provides information on tasking responses to CDR JFCC SPACE, the other JSpOC divisions, upper command echelons, and theater space personnel for their space situational awareness. In doing so, they create and maintain the Single Integrated Space Picture (SISP).
The Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Division is integrated into all phases of the operational cycle, providing pertinent space intelligence information to the other three divisions in support of the strategy, planning and operations monitoring efforts.
- Strategy Division,
- Combat Plans Division,
- Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Division,
- Combat Operations Division,
- Unified Space Vault
Thirty-seven members were assigend to the 614th Space Operations Flight (614 SOPF) and were initially housed in two temporary facilities.
Nov 1997 The 614 SOPF christened a new space operations center. 614 SOPF was later redesignated 614 SOPS.
1 Aug 1998 Since its inception, the 614 SOPG has continuously operated the Air Force’s command and control center for space operations forces, variously known as the Space Operations Center, the SPACAF AOC, and finally, the Joint Space Operations Center, or JSpOC. During its history, it also had responsibility for the 614th Space Communications Squadron and its mission of serving as the Extremely High Frequency SATCOM subject matter expert, as well as providing manning to the Global and Regional SATCOM Support Centers. In May 2005, the 614 SOPG took responsibility for the 1st Space Control Squadron and its mission of tracking and cataloging all man-made objects in space.
July 1999 The Space Operations Center was redesignated as the 14th Air Force Air and Space Operations Center (Space AOC). With the support of Headquarters Air Force Space Command, Space AOC manpower grew to over 100 positions.
May 2005 The Space AOC was redesignated as the Joint Space Operation Center (JSpOC) and moved into a new, larger facility still within the 14th Air Force HQ building.
21 Sep 2007 The ribbon is cut on a new operations center, in a new building, and consolidated all 614 AOC units to Vandenberg AFB, CA; operations began in the few facility on 18 Aug 2007. General Kevin P. Chilton (AFSPC/CC) presided; Maj Gen William L. Shelton (14 AF/CC) was also present. The 614 AOC is co-located with and forms the core of the JSpOC.
Members assigned via its multiple force providing units have a distinguished history earning many awards, including the 2005 USSTRATCOM Omaha Trophy for the Best Space and Information Operations Unit and 2007 USSTRATCOM Omaha Trophy for the Best Space Operations Unit.
Chain of Command
1. United States Air Force News Article, "Strategic Command units win awards," 24 Jun 08,