– February 16
) was a German mathematician
, maker of astronomical instruments and professor
at the University of Tübingen
. His name is also sometimes written Stöfler, Stoffler, Stoeffler
The lunar crater "Stöfler" (with one f) was named in his honour.
Johannes Stöffler was born on December 10
in Justingen near Blaubeuren
on the Swabian Alb
. Having received his basic education at the Blaubeuren monastery school, he registered at the newly founded University of Ingolstadt
on April 21
where he was consequently promoted Baccalaureus
in September 1473 and Magister
in January 1476. After finishing his studies he obtained the parish of Justingen where he, besides his clerical obligations, concerned himself with astronomy
and the making of astronomical instruments, clocks
and celestial globes
. He conducted a lively correspondence with leading humanists
- for example, Johannes Reuchlin
, for whom he made an Equatorium and wrote horoscopes
. In 1507, at the instigation of Duke Ulrich I
he received the newly established chair of mathematics
and astronomy at the University of Tübingen
, where he excelled in rich teaching and publication activities and finally was elected rector
in 1522. Philipp Melanchthon
and Sebastian Münster
rank among his most famous students. When a plague
epidemic forced the division and relocation of his university to the surrounding countryside in 1530, Stöffler went to Blaubeuren
and died there on February 16
of the plague. He was buried in the choir of the collegiate church (Stiftskirche) in Tübingen
1493: A celestial globe for the Bishop of Konstanz. This globe, as the sole remaining and most important object of his workshop, is exhibited at the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg.
1496: An astronomical clock for the Minster of Konstanz.
1498: A celestial globe for the Bishop of Worms.
1499: An Almanac (Almanach nova plurimis annis venturis inserentia) published in collaboration with the astronomer Jakob Pflaum of Ulm, which was designated as a continuation of the ephemeris of Regiomontanus. It had a large circulation, underwent 13 editions until 1551 and exerted a strong effect on Renaissance astronomy.
1512: A book on the construction and use of the astrolabe (Elucidatio fabricae ususque astrolabii), published in 16 editions up until 1620, and in 2007, the first English edition.
1514: Astronomical tables (Tabulae astronomicae).
1518: A proposal for a calendar revision (Calendarium romanum magnum) which formed a foundation for the Gregorian calendar.