Definitions

Joanna

Joanna

[joh-an]
Southcott, Joanna, 1750-1814, English religious visionary. Uneducated, even illiterate, she spent her earlier years in domestic service. She began c.1792 to claim the gift of prophecy; her "revelations" attracted many followers. Later she announced that, as the woman in Revelation 12, she would be the mother of the coming Messiah. Soon after the time she had set for the birth of the "second Shiloh," she died of brain disease, at the age of 64. Her followers continued to study the 60 or more tracts and books of her writing; the sect never completely died out. She left a locked box with instructions that it be opened only in the presence of all the bishops at a time of national crisis. In 1928, a box alleged to be hers was opened when one bishop agreed to be present; it revealed nothing of interest. Among her books is The Strange Effects of Faith (2 vol., 1801-2).

See G. R. Balleine, Past Finding Out (1956).

Joanna (Joanna the Mad), 1479-1555, Spanish queen of Castile and León (1504-55), daughter of Ferdinand II and Isabella I. She succeeded to Castile and León at the death of her mother. Ferdinand II briefly assumed the regency until he was replaced by Joanna's ambitious husband, Philip I. After Philip's death (1506), Ferdinand again assumed the rule, for Joanna had by this time become quite insane. At Ferdinand's death (1516) Joanna's elder son, Charles (later Holy Roman Emperor Charles V), was proclaimed joint ruler of Castile with his mother. Joanna spent the rest of her life in the castle of Tordesillas. The pretense that she was not actually insane was sometimes used by the discontented, including Juan de Padilla, to justify revolts against the "foreign" ruler, Charles.

See T. Miller, The Castles and the Crown (1963).

Joanna, in the New Testament. 1 Wife of Herod's steward Chuza. She was a follower of Jesus and was one who found the tomb empty. 2 Ancestor of St. Joseph.
or Joanna I Italian Giovanna

(born 1326—died May 22, 1382, Lucania, Kingdom of Naples) Countess of Provence and queen of Naples (1343–82). She belonged to the house of Anjou, and her marriage to the brother of the king of Hungary was intended to reconcile Hungarian and Angevin claims on Naples. Suspected of her husband's murder, she fled to Avignon (1348). She sold Avignon to the papacy in return for being cleared of the crime, then went back to Naples in 1352. She recognized the antipope Clement VII in 1378, and Pope Urban VI crowned Charles of Durazzo king of Naples in 1381. When Charles captured Naples, he imprisoned Joan and had her killed.

Learn more about Joan I with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Joanna is a census-designated place (CDP) in Laurens County, South Carolina, along the Bush River. The population was 1,609 at the 2000 census.

The town was at one time named Goldsville.

Geography

Joanna is located at (34.414668, -81.814229).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.2 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,609 people, 688 households, and 460 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 510.5 people per square mile (197.2/km²). There were 758 housing units at an average density of 240.5/sq mi (92.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.77% White, 11.75% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 1.24% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.05% of the population.

There were 688 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 86.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $27,891, and the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $27,271 versus $19,338 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,500. About 10.6% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

References

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