The Jilu dialect is one of the most distinct Neo-Aramaic dialects of Southeastern Turkey. It falls under the Northern Assyrian Neo-Aramaic group, (similar to the Bazi and Gawar/Gavar dialects). It has some elements of Turkish and Kurdish vocabulary and grammar.
Examples of common vocabulary and verb conjugations in the Jilu dialect:
|English||Urmian Standard||Jilu Koine|
|to go||b'rikhsha or b'khasha||b'zala|
|I will see you (to female)||b'khǎsinakh||b'khasnanaekh|
|I will see you (to male)||b'khasinookh||b'khasnanu|
|I want (male)||E' bǎyihn||E' bana|
|I want (female)||E' bǎyǎn||E' bayan|
|drink (command) (plural)||shteymun||shtemu|
|you (plural)||akhnokhun||akhnokhu or akhtu|
There exists also sub-tribes within the Jilu tribe, some with their own distinct pronunciation or verb conjugations. The Jilu read Urmian Standard based literature and read and write in Urmian Standard. Most Jilu can switch back and forth from Jilu to Urmian Standard when conversing with Assyrians of other tribes.
The Jilu dialect is said to "soften" Urmian standard Neo-Aramaic vocabuly terms (e.g. a softer "k" sound replaces the guttural "q" sound in qurbana and becomes "kurbana", see above table).
Verb conjugations There are variances in the way verbs are conjugated in the Jilu dialect. Some speakers tend to adopt a form of verb conjugation that is closer to the Urmian Standard, this may be considered the Koine Jilu because it is the most widely used. The Koine Jilu may be attributed to the growing exposure to Urmian Standard based literature, media, and the liturgical language of the Assyrian Church of the East. The Jilu Koine may also be attributed to the social exposure of the Jilu to Assyrians of other tribes, especially to Assyrians speaking the Urmian dialect. The majority of Jilu Koine speakers are from/descendants of Jilu Assyrians from Iraq. Some Jilu from Syria tend to have a verb conjugation system that is similar to the Jilu Koine but further from the Urmian Standard. This other dialect also has vocabulary terms that are foreign to Jilu Koine speakers from Iraq. Some speakers of Syrian(from Syria) Jilu claim that their dialect is more pure than that of the Iraqi speakers, although it is disputed.
Examples of verb conjugations,
|English||Urmian Standard||Jilu Koine||Syrian Jilu|
|What is the matter with you (ppl)?||malokhun?||malkhu or malokhu?|
(It should be noted that speakers of Syrian Jilu are the descendants of the Jilu that relocated to Syria during the 1930s and 1940s from Iraq.)
Jilu of the B'Nehmaye tribe pronounce their "a"'s as "eh" when speaking.
|English||Urmian Standard||Jilu Koine||Jilu Koine - B'Nehmaye|
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