Barguna (বরগুনা Borguna) is a district in South-western Bangladesh. It is a part of the Barisal Division.
A police station was set up at Barguna in the 18th century, under British rule. The area was a part of the greater Barisal District
at that time. In 1969, towards the end of the Pakistani
period, Barguna was elevated to a sub-division
. In 1984, it was upgraded to a full district.
Barguna District has a total area of 1831.31 km². It is bounded on the north by the districts of Jhalkathi
. In the east, it borders Patuakhali District
. On the south, Barguna is bounded by Patuakhali District
, the Bay of Bengal
. On the western side, it borders Pirojpur
districts. Important rivers of Barguna district include the Payra river, Bishkhali river and the Baleshwar river.
Barguna is divided into 5 upazilas
- Amtali Upazila
- Bamna Upazila
- Barguna Sadar Upazila
- Betagi Upazila
- Patharghata Upazila
There are a total of 38 union parishads (union councils), 238 mouzas and 560 villages in these five upazilas. Barguna also has four municipalities containing 44 wards and 49 mahallas.
The largest city in the district is Barguna Town. It has a total area of 15.57 km² and is divided into 9 wards and 19 mohallas.
Barguna's economy is primarily dependent on agriculture. Principal crops include rice
cultivation was once important, but the crop gradually lost popularity as a cash crop. Being a coastal district, Barguna has a thriving fishing industry. Produce of the district includes betel
leaf, pulses, bananas
, betel nut, molasses
, marine fish, and shrimp
. A small manufacturing industry comprises mostly rice mills, saw mill, soap factory, flour mill, ice factory and pen factory. Traditional cottage industries such as weaving, bamboo and cane art work, goldsmithing, blacksmithing, pottery, wood work, and tailoring also thrive in rural areas.
As of 2007
, Barguna District has an overall population of 902,465 with a population density of 492 persons/km². Females constitute a majority of the population with a percentage of 50.12% while males constitute 49.88%. 91.01% of the people are Muslim, 8.69% Hindu, 0.04% Christian, 0.24% Buddhist, and 0.02% other.