Delambre, Jean Baptiste Joseph
, 1749-1822, French astronomer and mathematician. He was a member of the bureau of longitudes from 1795 and professor at the Collège de France from 1807. With P. F. A. Méchain he measured (1791-99) for the French government an arc of the meridian between Barcelona and Dunkirk. He is noted also for astronomical computations, especially a table of the motions of Uranus, and for discovering four formulas in spherical trigonometry (Delambre's analogies). Delambre is known for his historical works, including Histoire de l'astronomie
(6 vol., 1817-27).
See K. Alder, The Measure of All Things (2002).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Copyright © 2004.
Licensed from Columbia University Press