Polish National Government 1863-1864
- underground Polish supreme authority during January Uprising
against Russian occupation of Poland
. It had collegial form, resided in Warsaw and was headed by Karol Majewski
. This was normal administrative institution with many ministries and departments.
During 1863-1864 it was a real shadow government supported by majority of Poles, who even paid taxes for it and a significant problem for Russian secret police (Okhrana). It became inspiration for Polish Secret State during World War II.
- Norman Davies God's Playground, Volume 2 CUP 1982 (ISBN 0-231-05353-3)