Johann Rasso Januarius Zick
(6 February 1730
- 14 November 1797
), was a painter and architect. He is considered to be the one of the main masters of the Late-Baroque
Januarius Zick was born in Munich
and began to learn his trade from his father, Johannes Zick
, a renowned painter himself, to whom he was apprenticed in order to learn how to paint frescoes
. In 1744, when Januarius Zick was fourteen years old, his brother, three years his junior, fell to his death from a scaffolding in Weingarten
. From 1745 to 1748, Januarius Zick was apprenticed as a bricklayer
to Jakob Emele
. Having finished his apprenticeship, he worked, together with his father, at the residence of the Prince-Bishop
and then, until the mid-1750s, at the residence of the Prince-Bishop of Speyer
In 1756, Januarius Zick went to Paris to further his education. There, he came into contact with artists and art connoiseurs from Rome, Basel and Augsburg, who broadened his horizon concerning his art and had a considerable influence on him.
After having furnished Castle Engers near Neuwied with frescoes in 1760, he was appointed court painter to the Prince-Elector of Trier, the archbishop of Trier. He married in Ehrenbreitstein and settled there.
After 1774, he also designed intarsia paintings for cabinet maker David Roentgen.
From the late 1770s on, Januarius Zick was very active in Upper Swabia, furnishing a number of monastery churches and parish churches with frescoes and altarpieces.
After the mid-1780s until his death, he was productive in the territories of the Prince-Elector of Trier and the Prince-Elector of Mainz.
He died in Ehrenbreitstein.
- Alois, Harbeck "Die Fresken von Januarius Zick in Wiblingen und die Problematik illusionistischer Deckengestaltung". Diss. Philosophische Fakultät der Universität München. .
- Peter Greenaway's movie "The Draughtsman's Contract" features a reference to Zicks painting "Allegory for Newton's Theory of Optics"