Jam Gadang (literally "Massive Clock") is a clocktower and major landmark of the city of Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia. It is located in the centre of the city, near the the main market, Pasar Atas, and is a tourist attraction.
The structure was build in 1926 during the Dutch colonial
era, as a gift from the Queen
to city's controleur
. It was designed by architects Yazin and Sutan Gigi Ameh. Originally a rooster
figure was placed on the apex, but it was changed into a Jinja
-like ornament during the Japanese occupation of Indonesia
. Following Indonesian independence
, it was reshaped to its present form resembling traditional Minangkabaun
roofs (see Rumah gadang
). It is said to have cost 3,000 Guilder
The clock's diameter is 80 centimeters
, the base's dimension is 13 metres
in length and 4 metres wide, and it stands 26 metres tall.
One unique feature of the clock is that it uses the IIII for the number 4 instead of its traditional Roman Number IV.
Given its iconic appearance, the structure is a frequent object of local souvenirs
. It is imprinted on apparels, painted, used as a sculpting model, and so forth. As of January 2008 it cost 50000 rupiahs (around US$ 5) to enter the tower.
Its plaza usually serves as the centre of New Year celebration in Bukittinggi for thousands of visitors to the city.