Jalal ad-Din

Jalal ad-Din

Rumi, Jalal ad-Din, 1207-73, great Islamic Persian sage and poet mystic, b. in Balkh. His father, a scholar, was invited by the Seljuk sultan of Rum to settle in Iconium (now Konya), Turkey. His apprenticeship as a Sufi mystic was guided by the mysterious Shams ad-Din Tabrizi (d. 1247), who was considered one of the spiritual masters of Rumi's age. His major work is the Mathnawi, a vast 6 vol. work of spiritual teaching and Sufi lore in the form of stories and lyric poetry of extraordinary quality. The Mathnawi is one of the enduring treasures of the Persian-speaking world, known and memorized by most. It is popularly called "the Qur'an in Persian." The singing of the Mathnawi has become an art form in itself. Rumi also founded the Mawlawiyya (Mevlevi) Sufi order, who use dancing and music as part of their spiritual method, and who are known in the West as Whirling Dervishes. Rumi's influence spread to Persian-speakers in Afghanistan and central Asia, and beyond, to Turkey and India. His tomb in Konya is a place of pilgrimage, and the Mawlawiyya order is still centered in Konya.

See selections of his mystical poems, tr. by A. J. Arberry (1968) and by James G. Cowan (1992); critical works by R. A. Nicholson (1950), A. R. Arasteh (1965), and A. Schimmel (1978).

Jalal-ud-din (born June 12, 1959, Karachi) is a former Pakistani cricketer who played in 6 Tests and 8 ODIs from 1982 to 1985.

A specialist right-arm pace bowler, he was the first player to take a hat-trick in ODI cricket, playing against Australia at Niaz Stadium, Hyderabad on 20 September 1982.A right-arm fast-medium bowler who always played in glasses, he won selection for the 1982 England tour on the back of an outstanding domestic season and would have played in the Headingley Test but for injury. He made his debut against Australia at Lahore the following winter, taking match figures of 5 for 92. He played four more Tests in the next two years without any real success, although he continued to excel at the domestic level. In 1985-86 he was recalled for first Test against Sri Lanka, but he took only one wicket and that was the end of his international career. His one-day record was surprisingly good for one who played so few times. In 1982 he took the the first hat-trick in an ODI, removing Rod Marsh, Bruce Yardley and Geoff Lawson.

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