Third largest island (pop., 1999 est.: 86,953) of the Balearic Islands (Baleares), Spain. Situated in the western Mediterranean, southwest of Majorca, it has an area of 221 sq mi (572 sq km); its capital is the town of Ibiza (pop., 2001: 34,826). A flourishing settlement in ancient times, it was inhabited by the Phoenicians and Carthaginians and has notable archaeological sites. Its landscape is hilly, and its rugged northern coast has cliffs exceeding 800 ft (245 m) in height. Its beaches and mild winter climate make it a popular tourist centre.
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