See her Letters from Africa, 1919-1931 (1981); biography by P. Migel (1967) and studies by E. O. Johannesson (1961), R. W. Langbaum (1964), F. Lasson and C. Svendson (1970), D. Hannah (1971), J. Thurman (1982), and B. Wamberg, ed. (1985).
(born April 17, 1885, Rungsted, Den.—died Sept. 7, 1962, Rungsted) Danish writer. Dinesen married her cousin, a baron, and they moved to Kenya; Out of Africa (1937; film, 1985), a memoir of her years on their coffee plantation (1914–31), reveals a deep love of Africa and its people. Her characteristic writings took the form of highly polished narratives in the Romantic tradition, set in the past and pervaded with an aura of supernaturalism; they incorporate themes of eros and dreams. Her collections include Seven Gothic Tales (1934) and Winter's Tales (1942).
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He was 26 years old, and a private in the 42nd (Royal Highlanders of Canada) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force when, on 12 August 1918 at Parvillers, France, he displayed conspicuous bravery when, five times in succession, he rushed forward alone against entrenched enemy troops and put hostile guns out of action. He was credited with killing 12 of the enemy using both bayonet and grenade, and with inspiring his comrades at a very critical stage of the action.
Thomas's sister Karen (whom he, and most of their Danish friends, called "Tanne") later wrote that her brother's bravery, and the recognition from the English Crown, in some measure saved her own reputation in the community of British colonials among whom she lived in British East Africa. According to Blixen, she had inadvertently alienated many of her neighbors by helping to buy horses for a German officer she met on board ship while sailing to Kenya for the first time. Only months later this officer, General Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, was named commander of the German forces in East Africa, and waged an effective campaign against Blixen's English neighbors. Blixen commented that the suspicion and resentment this aroused in her fellow colonists only subsided after her brother won the VC.
In his later years he took up writing, and wrote a number of books in Danish. The best known is Tanne, about his famous sister. In 1929 he published the book No man's land: En dansker med canadierne ved vestfronten. It was translated into English in 1930 under the title Merry Hell!: A Dane with the Canadians. The book describes his troublesome way to the Western Front as well as the events that won him the VC.
He is buried in Hørsholm Churchyard, Hørsholm, Frederiksborg, Denmark.