Iridodialysis, sometimes known as a coredialysis, is a localized separation or tearing away of the iris from its attachment to the ciliary body.
Iridodialyses are usually caused by blunt trauma to the eye, but may also be caused by penetrating eye injuries. An iridodialysis may be an iatrogenic complication of any intraocular surgery and at one time they were created intentionally as part of intracapsular cataract extraction.
Iridodialyses have been reported to have occurred from boxing, airbag deployments, high-pressure water jets, elastic bungee cords, bottle caps opened under pressure, water balloons, fireworks, and various types of balls.
Symptoms and signs
Those with small iridodialyses may be asymptomatic
and require no treatment, but those with larger dialyses may have corectopia
and experience monocular diplopia
, or photophobia
. Iridodialyses often accompany angle recession
and may cause glaucoma
may also occur.
Treatment and management
Iridodialysis causing an associated hyphema has to be carefully managed, and recurrent bleeds should be prevented by strict avoidance of all sporting activities. Management typically involves observation and bed rest
. Red blood cells may decrease the outflow of aqueous humor, therefore the eye should be kept soft by giving oral acetazolamide
. Accidental trauma during sleep should be prevented by patching with an eye shield during night time. Avoid giving aspirin, heparin/warfarin and observe daily for resolution or progression. A large hyphema may require careful anterior chamber washout. Rebleeds may require additional intervention and therapy.
Later, surgical repair may be considered for larger avulsions causing significant double vision, cosmesis or glare symptoms. Surgical repair is usually done by 10-0 prolene suture taking the base of iris avulsion and suturing it to the scleral spur and ciliary body junction.
Those with traumatic iridodialyses (particularly by blunt trauma
) are at high risk for angle recession
, thereby causing increased intraocular pressure
(IOP). This is typically seen about 100 days or three months after the injury, and is thereby called 100 day Glaucoma
. Medical or surgical treatment to control the IOP may be required if glaucoma is present. Soft opaque contact lenses
may be used to improve cosmesis
and reduce the perception of double vision.