The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) is a London-based policy research centre and think tank.
IIED is generally acknowledged to be a successful organisation - its ideas are pragmatic and pro-poor, and it has reached the ears of major organisations including the World Bank, the Department for International Development of the UK government, and Scandinavian aid agencies like SIDA and DANIDA. For example a former staff member, Gordon Conway, was partly responsible with Robert Chambers for developing participatory rural appraisal, a suite of largely visual techniques widely used in international and community development to elicit public views and ideas. IIED's Environmental Economics programme helped to develop some of the first 'green accounting' and eco-taxation techniques now used in government and industry, while Richard Sandbrook lobbied some of the world's largest corporations to improve their environmental performance - notably in the mining sector.
These groupings have changed somewhat over the last thirty years, reflecting staff changes and the emergence of new environmental and development concerns.
Ward died from cancer in 1981, leaving the Institute to continue its mission. Other IIED Directors have been William Clark, Brian Walker, Richard Sandbrook (who also died of cancer in 2005), Nigel Cross, and currently Dr. Camilla Toulmin, an economist and expert on development problems in African drylands.
IIED currently has 80 staff from 16 countries and an annual budget of £9 million. It maintains a smaller office in Edinburgh and formerly had outposts in Dakar (Senegal), Buenos Aires (Argentina) and also Washington DC (USA, until IIED North America merged with World Resources Institute in 1988).