An international zone is a type of extraterritoriality governed by international law, or similar treaty between two or more nations. They can be found within international airports and can contain duty free shopping. In areas of conflict there may be international zones called green zones that form protective enclaves to keep diplomats safe. Countries in conflict may also have international zones separating each other.
Iraq: Green Zone
Iraq has its international zone around the Republican Palace in central Baghdad in a crook of the Tigris river. This area was and still is the heavily fortified headquarters for the coalition and Iraqi Reconstruction Ministries. The official name started as the "Green Zone
" but was later changed to the "International Zone" in June of 2004 with the return of sovereignty to the Iraqi people. However, the inhabitants, armed forces, and media have returned to calling it the Green Zone
International airports have international zones for individuals who have not cleared customs and immigration of the hosting country.
The United Kingdom
established "international zones" or "control zones" at both ends of the Channel Tunnel
, which crosses underneath the English Channel
. British authorities exercise authority within the control zone on the French side, and French authorities exercise authority within the control zone on the UK side. Violations in the control zone are treated as if they occurred within the territory of the adjoining state within that zone, and extradition is not required to remove a violator to the operating state for prosecution. Officers of the adjoining state may carry firearms within the control zone.
was an international zone from 1912 to 1956.