The International Basketball Federation (French: Fédération Internationale de Basketball), more commonly known by the French acronym FIBA (pronounced [fee-buh]), is an association of national organizations which governs international competition in basketball. Originally known as the Fédération Internationale de Basketball Amateur (hence FIBA), in 1989 it dropped the Amateur from its official name but retained the initialism, because of the first two letters of the word basketball.
The FIBA defines the international rules of basketball, specifies the equipment and facilities required, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, and controls the appointment of international referees. 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones or "commissions": Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania.
FIBA is a world basketball tournament for men's national teams held quadrennially by the International Basketball Federation (FIBA).
A parallel event for women's teams, the FIBA World Championship for Women, is also held quadrennially, in the same year as the men's event but in a different country.
The champion team wins the Naismith Trophy, which was first awarded in the 1967 tournament.
The tournament structure is similar but not identical to that of the FIFA World Cup; both of these international competitions have been played in the same year since 1970.
The association was founded in Geneva in 1932, two years after the sport was officially recognized by the IOC. Its original name was Fédération Internationale de Basketball Amateur. Eight nations were founding members: Argentina, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania, and Switzerland. During the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, the Federation named James Naismith (1861-1939), the founder of basketball, as its Honorary President.
In 1989, FIBA opened the door to Olympic participation by professionals such as players from the NBA in the United States. At this point, the Fédération Internationale de Basketball Amateur became the Fédération Internationale de Basketball, but retained FIBA as an abbreviation.
|Tournament||Men's||Women's||U-19 Men's||U-19 Women's||U-17 Men's||U-17 Women's|
|FIBA Diamond Ball||N/A|
|Commission||Men's||Women's||U-18 Men's||U-18 Women's||U-16 Men's||U-16 Women's|
|Commission||U-20 Men's||U-20 Women's|
|World Club Championship||Upcoming|
|Americas League||Peñarol Mar del Plata||N/A|
|Asia Champions Cup||Saba Battery||N/A|
|Africa Cup of Clubs||Primeiro de Agosto||N/A|
|EuroChallenge/EuroLeague Women||Barons LMT||Spartak Moscow Region|
|NBA||Boston Celtics||Phoenix Mercury|
|ULEB EuroCup||DKV Joventut||N/A|
|NBL||Melbourne Tigers||Adelaide Lightning|
Note: The following competitions are not under the direct control of a FIBA continental confederation:
|U18 European Championship Men 2008 Division A||July 25 - August 3||16|
|U18 European Championship Men 2008 - Division B||July 25 - August 3||20|
|U20 European Championship Men 2008 Division A||August 1 - 10||16|
|U20 European Championship Men 2008 Division B||August 1 - 10||19|
|U16 European Championship Women 2008 Division A||August 8 - 17||16|
|U16 European Championship Women 2008 Division B||August 8 - 17||18|
|U16 European Championship Men 2008 Division A||August 15 - 24||16|
|U16 European Championship Men 2008 Division B||August 15 - 24||23|