The Islamic State of Iraq or Dawlat al-'Iraq al-Islamiyya (Arabic دولة العراق الإسلامية), is an umbrella organization of a number of Iraqi insurgent groups established on October 15, 2006 "to protect the Iraqi people from US attacks and defend Islam, by the Khalf al-Mutayibeen". It appears that Khalf al-Mutayibeen refers to the alliance of insurgent groups, and Dawlat al-'Iraq al-Islamiyya to the state it claims to govern.
The group is composed of and supported by a variety of insurgency groups, including its predecessor, the Mujahideen Shura Council, Al-Qaeda in Iraq, Jeish al-Fatiheen, Jund al-Sahaba, Katbiyan Ansar Al-Tawhid wal Sunnah, Jeish al-Taiifa al-Mansoura, etc, and some Sunni clans. It aims to establish a caliphate in the Sunni Arab dominated regions of Iraq.
|Name (English transliteration) and notable pseudonyms||Name (Arabic)||Post||Notes|
| Abu Omar al-Baghdadi||أبو عمر البغدادي||Emir|
|Abu Abdul Rahman al-Falahi||ابو عبد الرحمن الفلاحي||"First Minister" (Prime Minister)|
| Abu Hamza al-Muhajir|
AKA Abu Ayyub al-Masri?
|ابو حمزة المهاجر||War||Identity of al-Muhajir with al-Masri suspected. ISI has apparently only used former name.|
|Abu Uthman al-Tamimi||ابو عثمان التميمي||Sharia affairs|
AKA Muharib Abdul-Latif al-Jabouri
(Deceased May 1/2, 2007)
|ابو بكر الجبوري||Public Relations||Common spelling variants: al-Jubouri, al-Jiburi.|
|Abu Abdul Jabar al-Janabi||ابو عبد الجبار الجنابي||Security|
|Abu Muhammad al-Mashadani||ابو محمد المشهداني||Information|
|Abu Abdul Qadr al-Eissawi||ابو عبد القادر العيساوي||Martyrs and Prisoners Affairs|
|Abu Ahmed al-Janabi||ابو احمد الجنابي||Oil|
|Mustafa al-A'araji||مصطفى الاعرجي||Agriculture and Fisheries|
|Abu Abdullah al-Zabadi||ابو عبد الله الزيدي||Health|
|Mohammed Khalil al-Badria||Education||Announced on September 3, 2007|
These are apparently all noms de guerre.
In what was apparently the same incident, "Minister of Public Relations" Abu Bakr al-Jabouri was announced to have been killed on May 1/2, 2007 near Taji. The exact circumstances of the incident are unknown. The initial version of the events at Taji, as given by the Iraqi Interior Ministry, was a shootout between rival Sunni militias. Coalition and Iraqi government operations were apparently conducted in the same area about the same time, and later sources implied they were directly involved, with al-Jabouri being killed "resisting arrest". See Abu Omar al-Baghdadi for details and sources. The successor of al-Jabour (if any) is presently unknown.
In an ISI press release, responsibility was claimed for an ambush at Al Taqa (Babil) on May 12, at which one Iraqi soldier and 4 US 10th Mountain Division soldiers were killed; 3 soldiers of the US unit were captured. One was found dead in the Euphrates 11 days later. The other two were claimed to have been executed and buried in an ISI video release, after a 4,000-man manhunt by US and allied forces ended without success. No direct proof was given.
The June 25 suicide bombing of a meeting of Al Anbar tribal leaders and officials at Mansour Hotel, Baghdad, which killed 13, including 6 Sunni sheikhs and some other prominent figures, was proclaimed by the ISI to have been in retaliation for the rape of a Sunni woman by Iraqi police. Security at the hotel, which is some 100 meters outside the Green Zone, was provided by a British contractor that apparently hired guerilla fighters to provide physical security; the veracity and implications of allegated claims of responsibility of an Egyptian Islamist group and possible on-scene assistance for the suicide bomber are undetermined.
Iran supports the Iraqi government which many see as anti-Sunni. Furthermore, Iran is believed to support Shi'ite militias, such as that of Muqtada al-Sadr, which have attacked Sunni groups and populations.
Resistance to Coalition operations in Baqubah turned out to be less than anticipated. In early July, US Army sources suggested that the ISI leadership as was in the area had largely relocated elsewhere in early June, 2007, before start of Operation Arrowhead Ripper.