Integrative neuroscience brings together biological, psychological and clinical models of the human brain within neuroscience. It encourages a freer exchange of information across disciplines and across scales of focus (from the single neuron to whole brain systems). It emphasises how most of the brain's processes are inter-related within and across scales, as well as across disciplines. It also explores the virtues of integrating data into quality-controlled databases.
This integrative approach focuses on the brain as an adaptive system. It is concerned with how all the components of the brain are coordinated, and the principles that guide this coordination. A key organizing principle is the importance of our need to avoid potential danger or threat, and maximize safety and reward. In humans, we see this principle operating in regard to responses driven by external information, as well as internally-generated goals. As such, Integrative Neuroscience aims for a unified understanding of brain function across timescales. It draws on information from different measurement sources (including both brain and body measures) to test these unifying principles.
'Integrative Neuroscience' was first described in Gordon (Ed) (2000).
The importance of large-scale integration of brain information for new approaches to medicine has been recognized Nature Neuroscience 2004 Rather than relying mainly on symptom information, a combination of brain and gene information may ultimately be required for understanding what treatment is best suited to which individual person.
It provides an framework for linking the great diversity of specializations within contemporary neuroscience, including
This diversity is inevitable, yet has arguably created a void: neglect of the primary role of the nervous system in enabling the animal to survive and prosper. Integrative neuroscience aims to fill this perceived void.
Integrative Neuroscience, E. Gordon ed., Harwood (2000) ISBN 90-5823-054-6 (hb) ISBN 90-5823-055-4
Integrative psychophysiology, Gordon E (2001). International Journal of Psychophysiology, 42, 95 - 108
Integrative neuroscience: the role of a standardised database, Gordon E Cooper N, Rennie C, Hermens D & Williams (2005). Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 36, 64 - 75
Integrating genomics and neuromarkers for the era of brain-related personalized medicine, Gordon E. (2007). Personalized Medicine, 4, 201 - 215