Within the ICM approach all phases within the chain must be considered. Therefore it can be seen as a "cradle to grave" approach. Several inputs and outputs can be taken into account when applying the ICM approach. Such as: Energy flows, mass flows, materials, waste flows and emissions. Within ICM material cycles should be closed where possible and the remainder flows of emissions and waste should be brought within acceptable boundaries. Also the use of resources should be kept to a minimum.
Integrated chain management should not be mixed up with Supply Chain Management or Integrated Supply Chain Management. These concepts do not have the reduction of environmental load as their main goal.
An important aspect of ICM is that shifting to other phases in the product chain is avoided. For instance, a producer of chairs can choose to leave away an environment unfriendly material in a new product. The producer can even see this as an extra selling point for the customer. But as a consequence the supplier of raw materials has to use much more energy to produce a material with the same qualities. Within the integrated chain management approach this is not possible.
The chain can be managed by developing new policies and economical or political incentives. Therefore one must have insight into the inputs and outputs of the production chain. Before these policies can be developed one must engage in several actions.
Effective supply chain management can impact virtually all business and production processes
Reducing life-cycle environmental impacts through systems of joint use.(value system management included in integrated chain management system could provide companies new profits)
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Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, Environmental Policies and the Supporting Role of Intermediate Organisations in the Netherlands(*).
Jun 22, 2000; Although small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an important role in the Dutch economy, until now they have not received...
Organising life-cycles in supply chains: linking environmental performance to managerial designs *.(environmental protection strategies for companies)
Mar 22, 2004; In recent years increasing attention has been given to continual environmental performance improvement. Although we support the...