Inspectorate General of Military Training

Inspectorate General of Military Training

The was responsible for all non-military aviation training of the Imperial Japanese Army. It was headed by an Inspector general who was responsible for overseeing technical and tactical training, and who reported directly to the Emperor of Japan via the Imperial General Headquarters rather than to the Army Minister or the Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office. The position of Inspector-General of Military Training was thus the third most powerful position within the Japanese Army.

History

The office of Inspectorate General of Military Training was established 20 January 1898, to provide a unified command for the Imperial Japanese Army Academy, and the various specialized weaponry and technical training schools, and the military preparatory schools located in various locations around the country. It also had broad powers of oversight over Army logistics, transportation, and support issues. Due to its political power, the post was highly sought after by Army senior leadership, and a factional dispute over succession was one of the triggering factors of the February 26 Incident. The post was abolished with the dissolution of the Imperial Japanese Army after the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II.

Organization

Also from 1941, a 2nd Bureau was added to the organizational structure, to specialize in armored car training. However, military aviation always remained outside the jurisdiction of the Inspectorate.

List of Inspector-Generals of Military Training

Name From To
1 Field Marshal Masatake Terauchi 22 Jan 1898 25 Apr 1900
2 Field Marshal Michitsura Nozu 25 Apr 1900 14 Jan 1904
3 Field Marshal Masatake Terauchi 14 Jan 1904 9 May 1905
4 General Hiroshi Nishii 9 May 1905 21 Dec 1908
5 General Hisanao Oshima 21 Dec 1908 6 Sep 1911
6 General Nobuoki Asada 6 Sep 1911 22 Apr 1914
7 Field Marshal Yusaku Uehara 22 Apr 1914 17 Dec 1915
8 General Hyoe Ichinohe 17 Dec 1915 26 Aug 1919
9 General Kikuzo Otani 26 Aug 1919 28 Dec 1920
10 General Yoshifuru Akiyama 28 Dec 1920 17 Mar 1923
11 General Jiro Oba 17 Mar 1923 2 Mar 1926
12 General Shinnosuke Kikuchi 2 Mar 1926 22 Aug 1927
13 Field Marshal Baron Nobuyoshi Muto 22 Aug 1927 26 May 1932
14 General Senjuro Hayashi 26 May 1932 23 Jan 1934
15 General Jinsaburo Mazaki 23 Jan 1934 16 Jul 1935
16 General Jotaro Watanabe 16 Jul 1935 26 Feb 1936
17 General Yoshikazu Nishi 26 Feb 1936 1 Aug 1936
18 Field Marshal Hajime Sugiyama 1 Aug 1936 9 Feb 1937
19 Field Marshal Hisaichi Terauchi 9 Feb 1937 26 Aug 1937
20 Field Marshal Shunroku Hata 26 Aug 1937 14 Feb 1938
21 General Rikichi Ando 14 Feb 1938 30 Apr 1938
22 General Juzo Nishio 30 Apr 1938 14 Oct 1940
23 General Otozo Yamada 14 Oct 1940 18 Jul 1944
24 Field Marshal Hajime Sugiyama 18 Jul 1944 22 Nov 1944
25 Field Marshal Shunroku Hata 23 Nov 1944 7 Apr 1945
26 General Kenji Doihara 7 Apr 1945 25 Aug 1945
27 General Sadamu Shimomura 25 Aug 1945 15 Oct 1945

References

  • Edgerton, Robert B. (1999). Warriors of the Rising Sun: A History of the Japanese Military. Westview Press. ISBN 0813336007.
  • Harries, Meirion (1994). Soldiers of the Sun: The Rise and Fall of the Imperial Japanese Army. Random House. ISBN 0679753036.

External Link

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