Immediato v. Rye Neck School District 873 F. Supp. 846
(2d. Cir. 1996
) was a Second Circuit Court of Appeals
case involving the petitioner, a boy named Daniel Immediato and his parents, against the respondent, Rye Neck School District
in the town of Mamaroneck, New York
Daniel Immediato felt that the school district's policy of establishing mandatory community service
was in violation of his 13th and 14th Amendment rights. The school district required that 40 hours of community service
be completed to graduate with no exceptions. Regulations on what could be done for community service
were fairly lax, as all work for non-profit organizations with the exception of religious organizations that did no charitable work was accepted as community service
. As part of a mandatory senior-year course, students had to complete a form about what community service they did and how it benefited them, and afterwards discuss it with the class. Certain goals had to be reached by certain periods of the senior year.
Immediato brought forth the following charges: "Specifically, they assert that the program: (1) imposes involuntary servitude upon Daniel, in violation of the Thirteenth Amendment
; (2) infringes on Daniel's parents' Fourteenth Amendment
right to direct his upbringing and education; (3) infringes on Daniel's personal liberty, in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment; and (4) violates Daniel's right to privacy, in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment."
The school district denied that any violation was made and argued that the court should abstain because of the ruling of Burford v. Sun Oil Co.
(that federal court should not hear any case involving complicated state laws that deal with policy issues). The court decided against this Burford abstention
but found that none of the charges were true. Immediato proceeded to appeal using the same charges. Immediato's arguments were found to be invalid, and the court stuck with their ruling that the school district did not violate any of Daniel or his parents' Constitutional
rights in imposing community service.